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BOD:COD Correlation Provides Operations, Laboratory Benefits. Since the introduction of the closed-reflux micro method in statements the early 1980s, COD analysis has become increasingly used at municipal wastewater treatment plants for process monitoring and to aid in culture essay process control. Some facilities have taken this one step further - replacing BOD with COD analysis to meet NPDES reporting requirements following long-term validation testing. The 5.71 mgd Lewiston, Idaho, Wastewater Treatment Plant is today striving to do just that. The 5.71 MGD Lewiston, Idaho, Wastewater Treatment Plant has recently begun conducting COD validation testing to demonstrate to identity statements, the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) a long-term correlation of COD and BOD values at checklist writing the facility. The plant?s goal is to ultimately replace BOD with COD analysis. Identity Thesis! Click here to 2 essay, enlarge image. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) analysis is the test everyone loves to hate - and for belonging thesis, compelling reasons. The test has a number of disadvantages: a five-day incubation period, extensive sample preparation and, often, difficulties in obtaining consistent repetitive values.
Eliminating BOD analysis will help maximize bench space in the Lewiston lab. Click here to italian, enlarge image. From an operations perspective, time lag is the identity thesis biggest drawback to BOD (also referred to as Biological Oxygen Demand) analysis. It is too slow to provide timely information to questions, the operator for control purposes. Belonging Identity! This is because BOD of incoming wastewater can vary significantly over days and hours, and BOD measurement takes five days to complete. In addition, there is no measure of accuracy with BOD analysis. According to culture essay, Standard Methods for identity, the Examination of business plan for a, Water and Wastewater (21st edition), “no measurement exists for establishing bias in the BOD procedure under precision and bias.” The glucose/glumatic acid (GGA) check, often viewed as a BOD quality control, does not indicate the accuracy of the method, but rather demonstrates that the seed is actually generating the enzymes needed to catalyze the oxidation of any organic material that might be in the sample.
For COD analysis, the Lewiston lab uses the closed reflux micro method using Hach COD digestion vials. The pre-dosed reagents are contained in 16mm glass tubes, or vials, that fit directly into all commercially available COD reactors and identity thesis, spectrophotometers. 2 Essay! Click here to enlarge image. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis, on the other hand, is an accurate method that can be validated through a standard (KHP/ potassium hydrogen phthalate). Also, results are available in about two hours. COD analysis has been an belonging thesis statements, easy procedure to perform since the early 1980s, with the introduction of the plan company Hach Closed-Reflux Micro Method that uses pre-dosed reagents. COD typically correlates to BOD, which is one of the reasons the method was initially developed. It has been found to be a very useful tool in municipal wastewater treatment process monitoring and modeling, and to aid in process control. To measure oxygen demand, the BOD method relies on enzymes produced by bacteria to catalyze the oxidation of organic matter during a five-day incubation period. In contrast, COD methods use chemical oxidants to identity statements, oxidize organic matter.
BOD simulates the comparison essay search my tongue actual treatment plant process by measuring the organic material that can be oxidized with the oxygen in the sample when catalyzed by bacterial enzymes. Belonging Thesis! Although COD is comparison caste my tongue, comparable to BOD, COD actually measures chemically oxidizable matter. A ratio can usually be established between the two analytical methods once COD and BOD data has been gathered over time. Many municipal laboratories are also finding that parallel COD and BOD testing is beneficial because the COD test can be used to target a specific BOD range, thereby eliminating the need for multiple BOD dilutions. For plant operations, the benefits of COD testing are often significant. BOD analysis is performed mainly to satisfy permit requirements. By the time a plant receives the value, the waste stream it characterizes has left the plant and is down the identity thesis river. With COD analysis, however, early knowledge of the strength of culture, incoming water allows plant operators to optimize treatment processes, because the value measured provides a quantitive estimate of belonging identity thesis, everything currently in the waste stream that can be oxidized. Because the COD test can be run in italian culture essay a couple of hours instead of five days, it gives the operator a more timely idea of identity, loadings entering the plant and how the plant is performing, thereby permitting closer operational control of the treatment process.
Technicians are able to quickly respond to changes in essay questions oxygen demand and identity thesis, adjust treatment processes accordingly. Although the BOD:COD correlation allows facilities to use COD analysis to aid in monitoring and operations, most municipal wastewater treatment plants perform BOD testing to meet their NPDES reporting requirements. Over the years, however, some facilities have taken steps to change this by validating the BOD:COD correlation to for essay, allow COD to be substituted for identity statements, BOD analysis. The Lewiston, Idaho, Wastewater Treatment Plant, for italian, example, has recently begun conducting COD validation testing to demonstrate to the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) a long-term correlation of COD and belonging thesis statements, BOD values at the facility. The plant’s goal is to ultimately replace BOD with COD analysis.
Lewiston is located in northwest Idaho, at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater Rivers. The city’s 5.71 mgd activated sludge wastewater treatment plant treats an average of 3.9 mgd and serves a population of approximately 35,000. Services provided by the plant’s in-house laboratory include the comparison caste analysis of belonging identity thesis statements, wastewater influent and effluent for compliance and performance purposes, with parameters including: temperature, BOD, COD, total suspended solids (TSS), fecal coliform, pH, E.coli, as well as periodic tests, such as volatile suspended solids testing to determine percent solids reduction from the facility’s digesters. Monthly tests for parameters such as nutrients are contracted to an outside laboratory. “Our goal is to eliminate BOD testing altogether,” said Rich Wayt, laboratory technician for business plan company, the Lewiston facility. At the option of the NPDES permitting authority, effluent guidelines regulations (40 CFR Chapter I Subchapter N: Effluent Guidelines and Standards; and Secondary Treatment Regulations found in R.61-9.133) allow COD to be substituted for BOD when a long-term BOD:COD correlation has been demonstrated. “This will allow us to eliminate some very time-consuming procedures and make us more efficient,” Wayt said. “BOD analysis requires a lot of man-hours. COD analysis is less extensive to perform than BOD, labor-wise, and COD is more precise and easier to work with analytically.” Another benefit to eliminating BOD, Wayt said, is belonging identity thesis statements, that it will maximize bench space in the lab. With BOD analysis, five dilutions are recommended. A typical wastewater treatment plant, such as the Lewiston facility, that measures two sample points will - every day - be running 10 bottles for unique essay questions, the dilutions, another four bottles to run GGA checks (which is highly recommended), at belonging identity least one bottle as a blank and four for seed.
Replacing BOD analysis with COD at the Lewiston facility will eliminate this. “At this stage, we’re basically testing COD along with our BOD and for essay writing, collecting the data,” Wayt said. “We must run our CODs with our BODs every day - and we can’t miss a single COD test. Belonging Identity! After one year, a long-term comparison of the data will be made. Paper 2 Essay! To date, we’ve been staying fairly close to within a 2:1 ratio between BOD and COD, which is the range required by identity the DEQ.” Before it began its long-term validation study, the Lewiston plant had never conducted COD analysis before. Grammar Checklist For Essay Writing! For testing, the Lewiston lab uses the closed-reflux micro method using Hach COD digestion vials. The pre-dosed reagents are contained in 16mm glass tubes, or vials, that fit directly into all commercially available COD reactors and spectrophotometers.
The prepared COD reagents minimize handling of corrosive and toxic chemicals, and eliminate pipetting and measuring hazardous reagents. Identity! The Lewiston facility is participating in physics paper 2 essay Hach’s SIRR (scheduled inventory reagent replacement) plan, a program designed to lower inventory costs and reduce time-consuming paperwork at belonging identity the plant relative to its reagent use. Wayt said COD testing is a very straightforward procedure. “The pre-dosed COD reagents are accurate and very simple to use. We use 3-to-150 mg/L COD digestion vials for paper, our effluent tests and 20-to-1500 mg/L vials for our influent tests. After 3 mils of sample are added to a vial, the statements vial is capped and 2 essay, placed in the reactor to belonging identity thesis statements, digest at 150°C for two hours,” he said. Essay! “After the vial is cooled, results are then read directly on our spectrophotometer.” The plant uses a Hach DR/2500 Spectrophotometer, which provides lab personnel the ability to save COD and other frequently used programs for statements, quick access. “Our whole COD testing procedure is physics 2 essay questions, fairly undemanding and, so far, trouble-free,” Wayt said. “And it’s a whole lot easier than carrying out a BOD test.” Once COD and BOD data has been gathered over time, the average BOD result is divided by the average COD result to determine the ratio, or conversion factor. The COD results are multiplied by this factor to estimate BOD concentration.
COD values are almost always higher than BOD results for the same sample, therefore the statements conversion factor is most always less than one. In Education! “The best thing about COD analysis for us is that we get our results today - in belonging thesis statements just a couple of hours. Whereas with BOD testing, we have to essays in education, wait five days,” Wayt said. “With our validation program, if we can eliminate BOD testing altogether and only run COD, it will make our lab, and statements, our plant operations, much more efficient.” In the event the COD validation program demonstrates that BOD analysis must still play a required role in the plant’s testing program, Wayt said the Lewiston facility will likely continue performing COD analysis for the reasons many municipal plants run the test even though it’s typically not required - to provide effective process monitoring and aid in process control, and to eliminate the need for multiple BOD dilutions. Chris Fair is RD Chem II for Hach, Inc., Loveland, CC. He graduated with a B.S. in Chemistry from the University of essays, West Florida in 1994. From 1992 until 1994 he worked for the Environmental Laboratory at PWC, NAS Pensacola.
Afterward he pursued laboratory analysis and various method development projects. Three years ago, he was employed by Hach Company as an thesis statements, RD chemist assigned to the wastewater field where he is currently investigating possibilities for on issues in education, simplification and improvement in oxygen demand testing. Sponsored Content is made possible by our sponsor; it does not necessarily reflect the identity views of our editorial staff. Did You Like this Article? Get All the Water Industry News Delivered to Your Inbox or Mailbox. Subscribe to one of grammar writing, our magazines or email newsletters today at no cost and receive the belonging identity latest information. Improving Chlorine Measurement Accuracy in Malaysia. Calgon Carbon awarded $2.3M contract for removal of 1,2,3-TCP. Reclamation's Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility celebrates 10th Anniversary. Oregon's largest publicly owned utility employs ARCOS software to streamline repairs. Severn Trent adopts magnetite to reach new phosphorus levels.
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How to write a thesis (Bachelor, Master, or PhD) and belonging thesis, which software tools to unique essay questions use. Available translations: Chinese (thanks to Chen Feng) | Portuguese (thanks to Marcelo Cruz dos Santos) | Russian (thanks to belonging identity statements Sergey Loy) Writing a thesis is a complex task. You need to find related literature, take notes, draft the thesis, and eventually write the final document and business plan company, create the bibliography. Thesis? Many books explain how to perform a literature survey and how to write scholarly literature in general and a thesis in particular (e.g. In this tutorial, we present a new method to reviewing scholarly literature and drafting a thesis using mind mapping software, PDF readers, and reference managers.
This tutorial focuses on writing a PhD thesis. However, the presented methods are likewise applicable to essays in education planning and writing a bachelor thesis or master thesis. This tutorial is special, because it integrates the statements, management of PDF files, the relevant content in PDFs (bookmarks), and references with mind mapping and word processing software. To make the tutorial better understandable, we provide many examples in which we assume that you want to write a PhD thesis about academic search engines. Business Company? Please note that. All tools recommended in this tutorial are free and open source (except Microsoft Word) All tools presented in this tutorial are based on Java and run on Windows, Linux and MacOS (again, except Microsoft Word) All tools used in identity statements this tutorial may be substituted: Docear may be substituted with FreeMind, MindManager, XMIND and most other mind mapping tools allowing to link PDF files Foxit Reader may be substituted with Adobe Acrobat Reader or PDF XChange Viewer. JabRef may be substituted with any other reference manager supporting BibTeX, e.g. BibDesk, Referencer and Mendeley Microsoft Word may be substituted with OpenOffice, LaTeX or any other word processor that supports BibTeX out of the box or through plugins. As a bachelor or master student, completing your senior thesis will dominate your life for months. Italian Culture? As a PhD student, you will spend years on compiling your PhD thesis.
We highly recommend reading this and identity statements, other tutorials to find the physics paper 2 essay questions, process that works best for you to organize your literature, to identity statements manage your references, and to write your thesis. Questions? Spending a few hours now will save you days, if not weeks later. Identity Statements? This tutorial will be updated from time to time to consider the scholarship questions, latest features of the tools presented here. Last update of this tutorial: November 2013. This tutorial is divided into identity thesis statements, three parts. The first part explains how to manage literature. The second part shows how to draft a thesis. The final part covers how to write a thesis, which includes the unique scholarship essay questions, management of references and thesis statements, the creation of the bibliography.
Before we start, we present some user feedback for our software Docear and this tutorial. We hope it motivates you to complete the entire tutorial :-). You have read my mind. You have put into practice what I could envisage yet not even come close to develop. You are helping to tackle the biggest obstacle to my research. I really like SciPlore’s approach. Connecting papers through a mindmap is paper 2 essay questions genious!
I’m in belonging thesis statements the middle of my PhD and was becoming overwhelmed with the amount of information I need to manage. Italian Culture Essay? Nothing else was really cutting it for belonging, me and I stumbled on Sciplore. Great software! Trying to get my adviser and all the graduate students in our lab to start using SciPlore. Plan Company? Keep up the efforts! I very much enjoyed using Sciplore and was very impressed by belonging identity, its performance and options. Congratulations on a great time saver and essays on issues, program to make PDF Bookmarks useful. I’d like to thank you for the great work you’re doing. Thank you very much for belonging, the excellent software. SciPlore has helped me organise my notes and research while undertaking my Masters degree. I was greatly surprised to business for a find SciPlore, and it seemed to be exactly what I needed for my work.
Just wanted to say that SciPlore is a wonderful program. I use it to organize my thoughts and my research. Can’t wait to see what’s coming! Thanks for making SciPlore! You may also want to check out this video of statements, Docear, which gives an overview of the essay, great features Docear offers for managing your academic literature. Keeping track of related work in your field is key to writing a good thesis, especially for writing a good PhD thesis. This tasks entails knowing about the relevant studies, results, facts, and ideas in your field. Identity? Keep in mind that by the end of your literature review for your PhD thesis you will have read or at physics, least skimmed through hundreds of papers and books. Without using tools, you must be a genius to thesis statements remember every interesting fact and idea you have read. Before the computer-age, academics relied on index cards, (post it) notes, highlighting pens, indices, etc. With computers, and especially mind mapping software, new possibilities evolved.
In this part of the tutorial we explain how use academic search engines to find relevant literature. Italian? Then we show you how to create summaries of your PDFs using bookmarks and how to keep an overview of all important information in a mind map. By the end of this part, your mind map will contain literally all information that you have considered to be important. Whenever you want to know something, you can look it up in your mind map, and belonging thesis, read about checklist writing it in more detail by clicking on the link to the PDF. Searching for (Electronic) Literature. Knowing what others have done in your field of research is identity a prerequisite for any thesis. But how to culture essay find this related work? Due to computers and the internet, searching for literature has changed dramatically over the last years.
Instead of using library catalogs, students can use full text search offered by academic search engines and belonging thesis, databases such as Google Scholar and ACM Digital Library. In addition, academic search engines usually offer sophisticated ranking algorithms that help in business company finding the belonging thesis, most relevant documents [10-12]. Dozens of academic search engines exist. Some focus on specific disciplines such as computer science, while others try to cover several or even all academic disciplines. Paper? For computer science, popular academic databases include Springerlink, ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect and to some extent Emerald Insight (Wikipedia provides you with an extensive list of available resources). Belonging Thesis? All these databases require a subscription to access their content. If you are lucky, your institution has an agreement that allows you to access some or all of these databases for free.
Ask your supervisor or the staff in your institution’s library about which databases you can access. Free alternatives to commercial literature databases include CiteSeer, SciPlore’s collection, which is accessible through Docear. Often, but not always, Google Scholar provides a free download link to articles in its listings. In this tutorial we will focus solely on the management of electronic literature. Storing Documents in a Folder Structure.
Most academic search engines and writing, databases offer to download scholarly literature as PDFs. The simplest way to store (and retrieve) these PDFs is by organizing the statements, PDFs in a reasonably structured folder system. Each PDF can be stored in one folder labeled with an appropriate descriptor. Assigning meaningful file names, such as the comparison essay my tongue, article’s title, to PDFs is generally helpful. If one document falls into two or more categories, most operating systems allow creating a shortcut or alias for a file (see picture). Some users consider this approach as being too structured and prefer tagging instead. Possibility: Save PDFs relevant to your thesis in different folders. Tagging allows assigning multiple keywords (tags) to a file independent of the file’s physical storage location.
Based on these tags, users can retrieve the files from their hard drive. Popular desktop tagging tools include Tag2Find, iTag, and identity thesis, Punakea. There are also services that allow online tagging and essays in education, storage of belonging identity statements, academic articles, e.g., CiteULike or Bibsonomy. However, the for a company, approach we present in this tutorial focuses on desktop tools and, more importantly, neither folder structures, nor tags are necessary . Of course, a good folder structure never hurts, but it is thesis not a requirement. Especially at the beginning of a PhD, you should use academic search engines to search for the most relevant keywords in your field and store any paper you get on your hard drive. Physics? If you wanted to do a PhD about academic search engines, starting you research by searching information about Google Scholar, one of the leading academic search engines, might be useful. Let’s assume you have found a hand full of interesting PDFs and stored them in c:literature Don’t spend too much time on belonging thesis judging the relevance of a PDF. If the title or abstract sound interesting, store it. Your first PDFs for essays on issues, writing a thesis. Keeping Track of Important Information in PDFs. What you really need to know as a researcher is: Where have I read certain information?
Information for which you forgot the origin is identity thesis statements worthless or even harmful for your thesis, because you may inadvertently plagiarize if you present certain information without proper attribution. You will have to reference the business plan for a company, origin of information taken from other sources, ideally with page number. As a first step, PDF readers are perfect to identity thesis keep track of a PDF’s most important information. You need a PDF reader that can create bookmarks, highlight passages and create annotations. Culture? For best compatibility with Docear, we recommend the free version of belonging identity, PDF XChange Viewer. However, the free Foxit Reader or Adobe Acrobat Reader will do, too. Business Plan For A? Now, whenever you read an interesting PDF, you create a bookmark for every statement that might be interesting for your thesis.
We would also suggest highlighting the interesting text directly in the document. Have a look at identity, the picture. Highlighting important information for your thesis. This is the essays on issues in education, PDF of an article titled “Academic Search Engine Optimization (ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature for Google Scholar and thesis statements, Co.”. It is about how to get your papers indexed and well ranked by academic search engines such as Google Scholar.
If you write your thesis about comparison essay search my tongue academic search engines, it might be interesting to keep in mind that this paper is the belonging identity statements, very first paper about unique scholarship academic search engine optimization. Additionally, the definition of “academic search engine optimization” might be relevant for your thesis. Belonging Identity Statements? Therefore you create a bookmark for each of these information (see the picture). How detailed you create your bookmark structure is up to you. In the very beginning of your literature research, creating just one bookmark that briefly describes the for essay writing, paper (e.g. “first paper about academic search engine optimization”) might be appropriate. If you need more information, you could return to the paper later. Getting lost in all the belonging identity thesis statements, information you read is physics very easy.
Therefore, we recommend to start with only creating bookmarks for very important information. When you have finished reading the first PDF, you proceed with the other PDFs in the same way. Managing Information from Multiple PDFs. In the long run, having information annotated solely in belonging the PDFs isn’t very helpful. At this point, mind mapping joins the game. Mind maps were ‘invented’ by Tony Buzan in the 1970s . Scholarship Essay Questions? A mind map is a diagram with a central topic and thesis, subtopics branching from it like a tree (see the picture for an example). Comparison Essay My Tongue? Usually a node in a mind map contains only one or two important keywords. Due to its visual structure, many people consider mind maps very effective learning tools. If you never used mind mapping before, the identity thesis statements, concept might appear strange to physics paper 2 essay questions you at first.
In fact, mind mapping isn’t the best solution for everybody. However, we urge you to statements invest 30 minutes and give mind mapping a try. We guarantee that the chance you will love mind mapping is really high. Example of a Mind Map. In this tutorial, we use Docear for creating mind maps as this tool is especially designed for students and researchers.
Please download and install it. Monitor all new PDFs in your Mind Map. Our goal is to unique scholarship essay keep track of all the information you have read in thesis one single place. To achieve this, Open Docear and create a new mind map, which you will use to manage your literature (press Ctrl+N ). The central node, called New Mindmap, is automatically created and can be renamed, e.g. to My Literature, by for essay, either clicking on it or pressing F2 and typing the new name. One of Docear’s special features is monitoring a folder for new files.
We use this feature to automatically include all our PDF in the mind map. The goal is that whenever you find a new PDF on belonging identity statements the Internet, you store it in paper 2 essay this special folder, to have it displayed immediately within your mind map. Create a new child node by pressing the Insert key on your keyboard or selecting Insert | New Child Node from the menu. Call this node Incoming Literature . Now, right-click on that node, select Add PDF Monitoring Directory and choose your literature directory (e.g. c :myliterature ) . N ow, all PDF files (plus DOC(X), TXT, RTF, ODT and XLS(X)) that are stored in statements the specified folder are displayed in your mind map’s Incoming Literature node. Other files are ignored. And the best – also the PDF bookmarks are imported. The following picture illustrates this. Monitoring a folder for new PDFs that are important for business for a, your thesis. That means, as of now all the belonging, information you annotated in your PDFs are accessible and manageable in a single place – your mind map. Giving Structure to Your Mind Map and Literature.
After you have read the physics, first PDFs and created bookmarks, you should start giving some structure to the information: Create nodes for belonging identity, all the important categories you plan to do research in (you can change them at any time later on). Then drag drop the physics paper 2 essay questions, bookmarks from the incoming node to the appropriate categories. Identity Statements? If you feel that one bookmark fits to several categories, just create a copy of it. The following picture shows an comparison caste search example. Giving Structure to your Mind Map and thesis statements, Literature (and hence to the thesis) Now you have a good overview of what you have read. Checklist Writing? On first glance, this might seem similar to a folder structure on belonging thesis statements your hard drive and indeed it is. However, there is one big advantage (and there will be more): In contrast to a folder structure, you have not only plan categorized your PDFs but the PDFs’ contents and you have direct access to belonging identity all the bookmarks in all the PDFs via your mind map. Business? Furthermore, creating, deleting, renaming, copying and moving nodes in a mind map is much faster than doing the same operations with folders in a file structure.
To extend and deepen your literature review, you can basically go on belonging identity statements as you did before. You find new PDFs, read them, create bookmarks, and categorized them within your mind map. Let’s assume you want more information about a certain topic that is already in your mind map. For instance, about 2 essay questions differences between academic and thesis, classic search engine optimization. In this case, you can just click on the node “Differences between ASEO and classic SEO” in the mind map. Add more bookmarks if a PDF is relevant for the thesis.
The PDF will open at the corresponding position in the paper, so you can read more about that topic and, if you like, create more bookmarks. Jumping to the in-text position of essays in education, bookmarks only statements works when using Docear in 2 essay combination with PDF XChange viewer. Other PDF viewers will open the front page of the PDF when clicking on the bookmark in the mind map. This behavior is due to the handling of statements, bookmarks by the viewers and can not be influenced by Docear . The new bookmarks can be easily imported by performing a right click on the respective node and scholarship essay questions, selecting Import Bookmarks . Import new PDF bookmarks to the mind map to complement the literature review. After a while, you will have a large mind map with all the information that is thesis important for grammar checklist, your thesis. You can use the search function ( STGR+F ) to find nodes. To get a better overview, you can fold and unfold nodes by selecting a node and pressing Space . Another feature that makes mind maps superior to simple file systems is the possibility to add notes. Thesis? You can add any kind of grammar, text as a note to any node in the mind map. The note is shown in a hovering window when passed over by the mouse or in a separate window when clicked (see illustration). Making additional notes in thesis statements the mind map. Part II: Structuring and Drafting the Thesis.
This is the second part of our tutorial about culture essay how to write a thesis. Identity? In this part we cover how to structure and draft your thesis. There is lots of comparison half, good literature on how to structure a thesis conceptually, so we will not cover this aspect in here. However, we will show you a practical way to devise, maintain and identity thesis, store the structure of your thesis in unique scholarship essay questions a mind map. Typical structure of a PhD thesis in belonging identity a mind map. You start with devising a basic structure, which you can create in your literature mind map or in a new mind map, see the picture above for an example. You can then start drafting your thesis directly in the mind map. Create one node for each heading and one sub-node for each sentence (see picture below). You might wonder why not doing this directly in italian essay a word processor. Simply, because it is much easier to move nodes of a mind map than to belonging thesis move sentences and paragraphs in culture a text document.
Moreover, you have all the belonging statements, important information in your mind map already. Thus, restructuring your thesis in a mind map is much easier and physics paper questions, quicker than using a text document. We guarantee that you will have to restructure your thesis several times before you are really happy with the structure. Additionally, you may put all the administrative data related to your thesis project such as deadlines or important contacts into your mind map, as you see in the left half of the picture above. The following picture shows how a final mind map for identity statements, a PhD thesis could look like (nodes with a circle are folded and company, contain additional sub-nodes). You will notice that the related work section is identity very similar, yet not identical to essays on issues your literature mind map. Most likely you will not use all the identity, literature you have read. Accordingly, your literature mind map will probably contain more information than the final related work section in your mind map / thesis. Therefore, we suggest using two mind maps: one for managing all your literature and one for plan for a company, structuring your bachelor, master or PhD thesis. The complete draft of thesis, a PhD thesis in a mind map (nodes with a circle contain more sub nodes) Keep in culture mind that your mind maps are not limited to containing PDF links.
You can add text, pictures or formula, you can insert icons, link to belonging statements other files and webpages, highlight nodes and much more (see Docear’s User Manual for details). Again, have a look at the picture to get an idea of questions, how your final mind map could look like. Statements? Now, read in the third part how to eventually write a thesis. Part III: Writing the Thesis and Managing References. This is the third part of our tutorial about how to write a thesis. In this part we finally explain how write up a thesis and how to italian culture manage references. Every thesis project will eventually come to the point where you start writing up everything that is in your mind map (see Part II of the tutorial) using the belonging statements, word processor of your choice. You could rightfully argue that typing every information twice, once in your mind map and again in your word processing software, is essays terribly inefficient. Docear offers a function to statements export your mind maps to Microsoft Word, OpenOffice, LaTeX, HTML, PDF, PNG, JPEG, SVG, and comparison essay, many other formats. However, we have to admit that the export function is not perfect. We suggest you try it to see if it fits your needs.
Personally, we do not use the export function, but draft our paper in Docear , and then write the belonging thesis statements, entire paper/book/thesis/… in the text processing software. While this process requires more work, it has the advantage of carefully thinking about the text again. You will find more errors and enhance the quality of the text greatly if you write your thesis after you have structured it in great detail in the mind map than as if you had started directly in the text document. Grammar Writing? In theory, you could write your thesis within a few days if you have created a really, really good mind map. In practice, finally writing your thesis will probably take you a few weeks, because you will likely realize issues that you want to work on more during the writing process. Be assured that we know that a good export function is belonging identity statements important, and that improving Docear’s export capabilities is on our todo list. However, realizing this feature will not happen within the next few months or so.
There is one important task that we have left out so far: The management of bibliographic data and 2 essay questions, creation of reference lists. Belonging Identity? For many people, this task is the italian culture essay, most annoying in writing a thesis. Referencing a hundred or more publications in a thesis is quite common. Belonging Thesis Statements? Imagine you have to create a bibliography for 200 publications like the one shown in the right part of the picture. Now imagine, you manually created that bibliography and your supervisor tells you to use a different citation style, which means you would have to italian culture do it all over again. Alternatively imagine you have numbered your references manually (see left part of the thesis statements, pictures) and for some reason you have to insert another reference at the beginning of your thesis, thus renumber all references in your thesis. Example of a reference list in a PhD thesis and its use in essay the full text.
Fortunately, this process can be largely automated, especially if you use Docear . We recommend using JabRef, which by default is integrated into the Docear suite, to belonging identity manage reference data. Alternatively, you can download and install JabRef as a standalone application. JabRef allows you to maintain a database of essays, bibliographic data in belonging statements BibTex format. A brief step-by-step tutorial how to create a BibTeX database and new entries using the stand alone version of JabRef is available here and the complete manual here. For instructions on on issues in education using the JabRef version integrated in Docear see the belonging identity statements, respective part in Docear’s User Manual. You need to create a BibTex entry for each paper you want to cite.
Fortunately, many academic search engines and literature databases offer bibliographic metadata in BibTex or other structured formats for download. Copying or importing this data into JabRef/Docear greatly speeds up the essays on issues, process. Thesis? Additionally, Docear offers the possibility to semi-automatically retrieve BibTex data for PDF’s linked in your mind map. Eventually, your BibTeX database file will look like this. Managing Bibliographies for business plan, a thesis with JabRef.
To integrate your BibTeX data with your mind map (and finally MS Word, OpenOffice, …) one more step is necessary. You need to link the corresponding PDF to the BibTeX entry. This can easily be done by drag drop the PDF from your literature directory to the BibTeX entry. Integrating BibTeX (JabRef) with Docear. Docear supports BibTeX (no other mind mapping software can do that). That means whenever a node in your mind map links a PDF (or PDF bookmark) the BibTeX key will be displayed as an attribute. To do so, just go to belonging identity Docear | Preferences and company, specify your BibTeX file. Then select Docear | Update reference keys in identity thesis statements current mind map . Displaying BibTeX keys and title in a mind map. You now see the title and BibTeX key of the grammar checklist for essay, linked PDF file as attribute. Belonging Statements? This way you can easily see where the information in your mind map is scholarship from.
If the information is annoying you, select View | Attributes | Hide All Attributes (the attributes are still stored in your mind map, you just won’t see them any more). You might not realize this right now while reading this text but actually this feature is fantastic. Identity Thesis Statements? It will allow you to very easily create a reference list for your thesis. Essays On Issues In Education? Read on… Integrating BibTeX and Docear with Microsoft Word. To automatically create reference lists in MS-Word, based on BibTeX, you need a plug-in. We recommend BibTeX4Word. The installation is anything but user friendly and also requires the separate installation of MikTeX but it is definitely worth the effort. Thesis? If you have installed BibTeX4Word you can simply copy and paste the BibTeX key from checklist writing, Docear to MS Word as shown on the following picture. Copy bibliographic data from Docear to your thesis in MS Word.
Then you can copy the BibTeX key from Docear with a right mouse click and paste it into MS-Word (click on the red +). Creating an belonging thesis in-text reference in your thesis. After copying the BibTeX key to your word processor you just need to click on the reference list icon and there reference list is created automatically (you can choose out of hundreds of culture, reference styles such as APA, IEEE, ACM, Harvard, …) Create a bibliography (reference list) for your thesis automatically. That’s it, your thesis is identity done #128578; To remind you what makes this tutorial (and the software Docear ) special in contrast to questions other software tools and tutorials is the fact that everything – PDF files, the content of PDFs (bookmarks) and references are integrated with mind mapping and word processing software. Imagine, for instance, you would not have the BibTeX keys in the mind map (or wherever else you draft your thesis with). You would have to manually make some notes where the information is from and belonging identity, later look the bibliographic data up in you reference manager. And without having PDF bookmarks you could hardly read in more detail about something that interests you. You might have a note somewhere (maybe even with the grammar checklist, page number the belonging thesis, information is from) but to look it up would take some time.
With PDF bookmarks it takes 2 seconds. If you have any questions, please contact us or post a comment here in the Blog.  J.L. Galvan. Essay Questions? Writing literature reviews: A guide for thesis, students of the social and behavioral sciences . Grammar Checklist? Pyrczak, 3 edition, 2005.  Judith Garrard. Health sciences literature review made easy: the statements, matrix method . Half Search? JONES AND BARTLETT P, 2006.  Chris Hart. Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination . SAGE Publications, 1998.  L.A. Machi and B.T.
McEvoy. The Literature Review: Six Steps to Success . Identity? Corwin Press, 2008.  D. Physics 2 Essay? Ridley. The literature review: a step-by-step guide for students . Sage, 2008.  John M. Swales. Telling a Research Story: Writing a Literature Review . University of Michigan Press/ESL, 2009.  Rudi Studer, Richard V. Benjamins, and Dieter Fensel. Knowledge Engineering: Principles and Methods. Data and Knowledge Engineering , 25 (1-2): 161–197, 1998.
Elsevier.  Steffen Staab and Rudi Studer, editors. Handbook on Ontologies in Information Systems . Springer-Verlag, 2004.  Joran Beel and Bela Gipp. Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Citation Counts (An Empirical Study). In Andre Flory and belonging thesis statements, Martine Collard, editors, Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS’09) , pages 439–446, Fez (Morocco), April 2009. IEEE. doi: 10.1109/RCIS.2009.5089308.
ISBN 978-1-4244-2865-6. Available on http://www.sciplore.org.  Joran Beel and business plan for a company, Bela Gipp. Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: An Introductory Overview. Statements? In Birger Larsen and Jacqueline Leta, editors, Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Scientometrics and essay caste, Informetrics (ISSI’09) , volume 1, pages 230–241, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), July 2009. International Society for Scientometrics and belonging statements, Informetrics. ISSN 2175-1935. Available on http://www.sciplore.org.  Joran Beel and Bela Gipp. Google Scholar’s Ranking Algorithm: The Impact of Articles’ Age (An Empirical Study).
In Shahram Latifi, editor, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations (ITNG’09) , pages 160–164, Las Vegas (USA), April 2009. Scholarship? IEEE. doi: 10.1109/ITNG.2009.317. ISBN 978-1424437702. Available on http://www.sciplore.org.  Toni Buzan. Making the Most of identity thesis statements, your Mind . Pan Books, 1977.
Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Docear 1.0 Alpha 1 available for italian, registered users. The new name of SciPlore MindMapping is… “Docear” SciPlore MindMapping now provides literature recommendations (Beta 15) Help us finding a new name for “SciPlore MindMapping”
Good by FreeMind, welcome FreePlane. I can’t find a PDF reader to identity thesis statements create bookmarks with Linux. Any hints? KDE’s Okular can insert bookmarks and highlight text. It runs on GNOME too. Both KDE and GNOME can coexist on a box Ubuntu. As appeared somewhere on this site as well as on essay search the Web, jPDFbookmarks is IMHO the most appropriate and established software for belonging identity thesis statements, embedding bookmarks and notes into PDF files on Linux. Okular is a nice allowing to visually add bookmarks, highlights and notes to the PDF file BUT those are linked with current user only so can’t be transferred and get visualised on other computers, that is, Okular stores all those modifications in the user’s home dir, not in the PDF file itself. I am just about to start my PhD. Thank you very much for this tutorial, it is really helpful and on first glance sciplore mindmapping looks great!
does there exist also a german version of essays on issues in education, this tutorial? no sorry, there is no german version of this article. i found this tutorial two month ago, tried sciplore mindmpping, and finished my literature survey for my BSc yesterday. Your software is belonging thesis statements awesome! awesome! awesome! It helped me so much! Thank you! Thanks. This is culture fantastic. I was just thinking how valuable it would be to have this… and then I found you on wikipedia. One question.
I have a PDF that already has a ton of bookmarks in it (a dissertation) — What’s an easy way to remove those, so I can start fresh? you can delete bookmarks in a PDF e.g. with foxit reader. Identity Thesis Statements? alternatively create a node in your mind map (e.g. “trash”) and move the imported bookmarks into essays on issues in education, that node. Thesis Statements? this way the bookmarks won’t be deleted in the PDF but at least they won’t be imported again. how to delete Map and what is on issues in education reference key. Currently I am using endnote and how can I link the reference to Sciplore pdf. Also, is it possible to get the pdf into one folder with a click from each reference in endnote rather rafting each reference to copy it.
endnote is currently not supported by SciPlore MindMapping and we have no intensions to change that. The in belonging (wordprocess) text references are given as numbers that refer to the bibliography references. Can this tool enter in text references in the Harvard format of (Author, date)? SciPlore MindMapping does not directly create reference lists. Accordingly, it depends on whatother tool you use if references can be created in Harvard style. This is great article and software too..
I am using freeplane for mind mapping- basically to essays organize whatever I understood from research article. But this software seems to be good for researcher like me. It is hard to organize PDF when collection become huge. Thanks for the great software not only similar to freeplane but also supports Mendeley- one of the best PDF organizing software. I thank the developer for making good software for researches (nobody bothers about belonging identity thesis statements researchers, one who bothers makes money- was slogan with reference to checklist writing Endnote or VectorNTI ). Any hints, how I can create bookmarks on mac, besides Adobe software? Apparently there is no Foxit Reader for Mac. no sorry, I only know of identity thesis statements, Adobe Acrobat for Mac. If you find an alternative, please tell me. I don’t know if you are still checking back to this site, but the culture, latest version of preview (s/w standard on identity thesis statements mac o/s) does bookmarking and highlighting.
For mac (also for comparison essay half caste my tongue, windows and identity, linux) you might use the program jpdfbookmarks. I’ve just try it in a windows environment. Unique Scholarship Essay Questions? This program can also be used in belonging thesis a mac environment because it is written in java. Another good alternative for windows is PDFX-Change Viewer. I use the pro version which costs money, but I think with the free version of the program you can also make bookmarks. thank you very much. i will have a look at the websites. ohhh…I was really lagging behind in terms of my Master dissertation….and now with this I am very hopeful to essay caste search my tongue meet the submission deadline.. thanks a lot and will surely send you my comments once i am done with my project work and will share my experience using SciPlore mindmapping. Great service by belonging statements, all developers and their team. Plan Company? congratulations. I just recently stumbled upon Sciplore Mindmapping and I love the idea. I directly tried it out, but stumbled onto two rather annoying problems: 1. When I select a directory (along with it’s subdirectories) to monitor my PDFs and import them, they are re-imported at identity statements, each start-up.
As a result I end up with the entries being duplicated EVERY time. 2. The second thing is perhaps not so much a problem than a question: Assume I already have a PDF and with it’s bookmarks imported into a mindmap. Now if I add more bookmarks to that PDF is it possible to just import the added bookmarks. I didn’t find an “Update Bookmarks” option and if I do “import bookmarks”, it imports ALL the bookmarks, which is unnecessary and checklist, if the PDF has many bookmarks very annoying… I hope somebody can help me with this as it is kind of putting me off from reallying digging into identity, Sciplore and doing everything with it.
Thanks and best regards, regarding 1: this definately is a bug. Checklist? i have sent you an email. regarding 2: thx for thesis statements, the suggestion, i added it to our todo list. maybe we will have implemented this in beta 13. Unfortunately I didn’t get your email regarding the bug. Perhaps you could send it again? I sent it again (maybe it’s in your spam folder?).
Anyway, ths is what I wrote: Are you sure you are using the scholarship questions, latest beta 11 from our website. If so, please could you send me the mind map this happens with? or. ideally, create a new and simple mind map in which this problem. occurs and send this to me. It would be nice, if one were able to belonging identity select the PDF viewer that is used by Sciplore to paper 2 essay questions open the PDFs. Belonging Identity Statements? I am working in half caste my tongue Linux and used Wine to install the “Foxit Reader”, which does work great. Nonetheless I don’t want it as my default viewer for the whole system, as it’s not part of Linux and it takes long to start up. Identity? I’d prefer just starting “Foxit Reader” from inside JabRef and Sciplore for adding bookmarks and paper 2 essay questions, else use the default viewers from Linux. Is there any way this is possible? Best regards and thanks again,
I also added this suggestion to our todo list. But it will take some more time than your other idea before we will implement it. ——— PDF-Xchange + Wine = bookmarking PDF reader in SciPlore under Linux ——— I found this workaround which may be useful to Linux users that want to use a bookmark enabled PDF reader within SciPlore. 1) download the free version of identity, PDF-Xchange, (a viewer that allows bookmarking and has a very nice search tool) from here: 2) install PDF-Xchange so it runs under Wine. 3) Copy the following lines, paste them to a text file and save it as PDF-Xchange.sh or something similar.
# Purpose: To convert Linux-style filename to Windows-style to pass as an argument. # to grammar checklist wine when starting PDF Reader. #assuming you use the default installation folder in Wine. App=`eval wine “‘C:Program FilesTracker SoftwarePDF ViewerPDFXCview.exe'” “‘$Filename'”` path to PDF-Xchange executable may be different, check it for your system.. 4) Change properties of the script you just saved to make it executable. 5) In SciPlore open “preferences” under ‘tools” menu to open the Freemind properties window and click on the HTML tab/button. 5) Go to the input box labeled “Default Browser Command Other Os” and replace the text “xdg-open ” with “dir-where-u-saved-yr-script/PDF-Xchange.sh ” 6) Click Save in the Freemind properties window. Identity? Sciplore will prompt you to restart to enable the changes but this was not necessary for me.
Now when you click on a PDF in on issues your mindmap it will be opened with PDF-Xchange! The script is a modified version of a Foxit script found here: However Foxit would not work within Scilore in this way, failing to open the pdf, although it worked within Nautilus (the Gnome file manager) Both work fine with PDF-Xchange though! Hello, I tried SciPlore on belonging identity thesis the Mac OS X 10.6.5. It seems can not load highlight markers from pdf modified by italian, Acrobat X in the same system. However, bookmarks are imported smoothly. currently, sciplore only imports bookmarksand no comments or highlighted text. Hi, this sounds great. Identity? I have already started writing my PH.D. working with endnote (not Bibtex), is Endnote compatible with your program?
Or is there a way how I can move my reference-files to your program? Thanks! sciplore mindmapping is not compatible with endnote. and if you google, switching from grammar writing, endnote to e.g. Belonging Identity Thesis? jabref seems to be difficult. Culture Essay? if you find an easy way i would be very happy if you told me and i would publish it on our blog. Hi, this is a great blog and extremely helpful however I have a quick question about using JabRef to identity cite things in MSword. Essays On Issues In Education? I followed the belonging identity thesis, instructions to use my JabRef citation database with MSword but am having trouble getting the unique scholarship questions, citations in the form I would like. I need to cite according to American Sociological Assocation standards and can’t seem to find a format file that works. The furtherest I have gotten is going to the package manager in MikTex and downloading packages that are suppose to contain new formats. Is this how I should be doing this and if so do you know of a packages for ASA citation.
I am sorry but I don’t know any packages that contain an identity statements ASA citation style but I am very sure that there is comparison half caste one. Maybe you could ask here http://www.medicalnerds.com/how-to-use-jabrefbibtex-with-microsoft-word-2003/ or the identity thesis, guys from italian, miktex: http://miktex.org/support. If you find an answer, feel free to post it here. Hi, really nice and helpfull programm. I have a question and maybe an idea for new implementation: 1. I use the latest version (14 Beta) but the bookmarks don’t really guide me to belonging identity thesis statements the correct page.
I always get to the starting page of the PDF. This happens with own created bookmarks and also with already generated bookmarks from the writer of the PDF. (I use foxit reader) 2. Essay? In my opinion the mindmap structure is prefered to belonging identity thesis statements use it with LaTeX. If there’s a way to essays on issues export the different nodes with downwardly used sections similar to LaTeX (chapter/section/subsection …), an easy, first usable text could be generated. The whole formatting for the text have to be done in the header of your writings so you don’t have to think about. Belonging Statements? you just have to export in a .txt. Maybe one have to scholarship questions define what is “text” and what are headlines. Do you tink that could work? the feature to jump to belonging identity thesis statements the bookmarked page is not yet implemented. regarding the latex export: it`s on out todolist too but definately will take a few more month to be implemented. I installed the SciPlore, but when i start it, i get this message :”freeMind.Main.freeMind cann’t be started” ! What shold i do?
Help plz. have you installed the latest Java version from http://www.java.com ? if you still have this problem please contact us at feedback A.T sciplore. org and tell us your operating system. I’m not sure I completely understood the process described here. From what I understood: First, you make a mindmap of the literature you collected and organize it by topic perhaps. Then, you make a second mindmap more according to how you want the paper/arguments to build up. I guess what I don’t understand is comparison essay half search how the second mindmap works (in general, I do understand mindmapping). Do you copy nodes from the first map? What if I just want the bookmark, when I copy it to identity the new mindmap will the bibliographic info come along with it? I hope you can answer my questions/confusion, and thank you in advance.
eventually it`s up to half caste search you. Belonging Identity Statements? if you have just a “small project”, e.g. Comparison Essay Half Search? a bachelor or master`s thesis you could do everything in a single mind map. if you have a larger project (e.g. Identity Thesis Statements? a phd and several additional papers) you might want to use two mind maps. one for the literature management and one for each paper. and yes, you can just copy nodes (and bookmarks) between mind maps and reference information will be kept. Thank you for your reply – and after using the essay, maps, I realized I already had the answer to one of my questions. By the way, I’d like to mention that I agree with Michael (Oct 2010) #2, that it would be handy to belonging identity have the business for a company, option when updating bookmarks to choose between “all” and “new” (currently all are imported again). right click on identity a bookmark and select “PDF Management - Import new bookmarks” – this should import new bookmarks only. Hi, I have a few questions related to the “monitoring folder” function: 1) what’s the difference between “smart” and “thorough” update of monitoring folder? I deleted some pdfs from the culture essay, folder being monitored as a test and even after trying the “thorough update” the information from the deleted files remained – I expected data from deleted files to have also been deleted. 2) for some pdfs my mindmap automatically makes child nodes for various headings and some other categories I can’t quite figure out (for one pdf the belonging statements, mindmap made a child node for every page in comparison essay half search the document). Identity? How can I stop it from automatically making child nodes other than manually deleting them? 1) add a section in physics the help mindmap on monitoring folders and on reference management (some information is on the web-based manual, but there is nothing in statements the mindmap itself. 2) you use the term “monitoring directory” in most places and “watch folder” in scholarship questions one instance, but then in the mindmap software it’s actually called “monitoring folder”; consistency in the terms would probably be helpful when people are searching for information.
what’s the difference between “smart” and “thorough” update of belonging thesis statements, monitoring folder? “smart” checks the essays, file date (last modified) of PDFs and compares this to the date of the belonging identity, mind map. only physics questions PDF being modified later than the date of the last incoming folder update are analysed. “thourough” checks all PDFs for bookmarks which might take a long time. I expected data from belonging statements, deleted files to unique have also been deleted. this will be possible in one of the next versions of SciPlore MindMapping (Docear).
However, I would appreciate if you could post your wish here http://docear.idea.informer.com/ too. 2) for some pdfs my mindmap automatically makes child nodes for various headings and some other categories I can’t quite figure out (for one pdf the mindmap made a child node for every page in the document). How can I stop it from automatically making child nodes other than manually deleting them? in the identity thesis, menu select “SciPlore MindMapping – Preferences – PDF Management”. There you can select which kind of annotations to import. If you don’t want to import any annotations (un)select “SciPlore MindMapping – Import Annotations from PDFs” regarding your suggestions: yes, we will do this, thank you!
If you have any further questions feel free to scholarship essay questions use our new forum http://sourceforge.net/apps/phpbb/docear/index.php. And now a question for the community about file management (I’m new at this, so maybe I’m asking the obvious). – Mendeley because it grabs the metadata and renames the files automatically. – Foxit reader to easily import bookmarks into SciPlore MindMapping. – “Folder Monitoring” in MindMapping, but I want to monitor a folder that contains only the files that I’ve actually read and marked up. I imagine the following, but doesn’t seem very efficient: 1) download files to a folder, e.g.”journal downloads” 2) have Mendeley rename the identity, files and save in “Documents library” in “Mendeley Desktop”; delete version in “journal downloads” 3) open and read the file in Foxit, re-save in another folder, e.g. “read documents”; delete the italian essay, version in “Documents library”?? Question: For those using Mendeley, Foxit and MindMapping, does anybody have a more efficient way to manage your files? Thanks for any ideas!!
Why not doing the following: 1) Download new PDFs to c:allmypdfs. 2) Specify this directory as a “watched folder” in Mendeley and create a monitoring node for identity statements, the same directory in the mind map. That means you will have all your PDFs in Mendeley (with the correct meta data) and in a node in business plan company a mind map. 3) Double click PDFs you want to read in your mind map.
They will open in Foxit Reader. Create comments and other annotations. 4) Import the annotations to the mind map, sort them, remove the link to the PDF from the belonging identity thesis statements, monitoring node in the mind map. Then you will have all your other unread PDFs in unique scholarship the monitoring node left and the read PDFs in belonging identity statements the other nodes of your mind maps. Of course, on your hard drive everything is in plan for a one folder, but does this matter? Thanks very much. I am runnign into a problem. I will use a lot of literature sources. Thesis Statements? The pdfs during my dissertation work will run up in for essay the hundreds at least. So I found it almost unusable when I expanded the folder in the mind map because of the all the pdfs (let alone the additional bookmarks), So what I did was start breaking down the Node : “incomming literature” into sub headings – however when I do this then I assume the path for statements, each individual pdf, that is put into grammar checklist, a sub node, has a broken path to the “monitoring folder” which then then creates deadlinks from the pdf to the bookmarks. I have also tired first structuring my folders on my pc to match the mind map structure I want – but I still get the broken link problem.
Anyhelp? Is there a way to identity thesis move nodes around (and into newly created ones) within the monitoring folder node? You might want to check this PrepLit software out for physics questions, preparing the literature review. PrepLit is a research tool that can search through your PDF collection. and help doing the belonging identity thesis, literature review. Culture Essay? It does not just let you search. PDF files with a lot of extraordinary research search options, but. also helps you through the entire literature review process.
The. search results can be managed which a lot of carefully designed. features such as: saving, exporting to open with Microsoft Office or. Open Office, ranking, etc. It can make the belonging identity, time-comsuning search.
possible and save very big amount of unique, your time. Free license of. PrepLit is available for educational institute, blogger, journalist, and public speaker. More information on belonging thesis statements Preplit http://preplit.com. good paper for any student PHD or master. Hi there, this is a helpful post, this will give ease to unique scholarship those people who are having a hard time writing their thesis. I think we share the same views as well.
I created a blog with step by step guide on making a research. Of course they are free, that is why I put it on identity statements a blog. If you have time, visit it… http://howtothesis.blogspot.com. I like you site – and have directed students to it. But I cannot find it now ! Have you removed it ? Or is there another link. Please let me know.
I am Just starting to write my PhD Thesis. I find the business plan, tutorial immensely useful. FOR MAC USERS RE: READER WITH NOTES, HIGHLIGHTING AND BOOKMARKING. I noticed Foxit is only available for Windows. Belonging Identity Statements? I’m new to Macs, but in writing case anyone else had that problem, you can use the built in Previewer.
Sorry if this is redundant, I didn’t want to identity read through all the messages. i am just starting phd .i find this useful. I am doing my research on the enteric nervous system imaging and 3d reconstruction.I want to scholarship questions get use of belonging thesis statements, this programe. I am very Happy to unique questions review this. Belonging Identity Statements? it gave me lot of courage. hve solved my problems. please suggest me a software which will help me to write a paper/references in a easy way.
i need it for my paper. I desire to know how to make a questionnaire for my thesis, please suggest me a software which will help me to write references in a Ph.D. This is very timely advice in writing a thesis, thanks for sharing! I have just gone through the italian, tutorial, and am strongly inclined to adopt the approach you outline as I undertake writing my thesis, but a few questions: 1.I recently purchased the program, PapersApp. Should I entirely ignore that program if I use your suggested approach? 2. I tend to identity statements read journal articles in company printed form, and have many that I’ve highlighted, etc. I’ve considered reading digital documents and highlighting PDFs, and identity, recognize the benefits of grammar checklist for essay, doing so, but haven’t done so yet because I’ve been unsure about which PDF reader to belonging thesis use, and how durable any mark-ups I make to files will be. Additionally, I’ll have to comparison half caste my tongue go through all of the papers I’ve read and transfer my highlights to the digital files.
Will Foxit Reader (which you recommend) perform essentially the same mark-up and organizational functions as Papers? Thanks very much. I apologize for the late reply and hope my answers will still be useful to you. Concerning your 1st question: I am not familiar with the thesis statements, PapersApp and the features it offers. Unique? Generally speaking, there are numerous applications that support academic literature management and all have their strengths and weaknesses. So, I can’t tell you which one is right for thesis, you.
However, to my knowledge, Docear, which is the successor of essays on issues in education, our mind mapping software, is the only integrated tool for belonging identity statements, academic literature management based on mind maps. If you would like to use our approach, i.e. make mind maps your main tool for organizing your literature, Docear is likely your best bet. Concerning your 2nd question: The markup features provided by PDF readers (not only Foxit, but also Adobe and others) have significantly improved since we first wrote this post. Foxit is still my personal favorite, because of its simple and clean interface, fast loading times and good integration with Docear. PDF annotations (highlights, comments etc.) are stored within the PDF, so they’re as durable or persistent as the file itself. Grammar For Essay Writing? Foxit has a nice feature I haven’t seen in any other PDF reader so far: it lets you export your annotations in a special XML-based format called FDF.
Furthermore, Docear allows you to automatically import all annotations you made in identity a PDF into your mind maps. I hope that answers your questions. I suggest, you check out the Docear suite to see whether it fulfills your organizational needs. Hello,I am so interested in SciPlore Mindmapping.But I can not find “Update reference keys in current mind map” when I integrated BibTeX (JabRef) with SciPlore MindMapping.I can not any get reference keys from Jabref. I sincerely expect your reply. Thanks very much. Thanks for essay, your interest in SciPlore MindMapping. The development of our mind mapping software has been transferred to Docear, which is a separate project solely dedicated to advancing the mind mapping suite.
Docear offers more features, a large user community and active developer support. Statements? We suggest you give it a try. Best, the SciPlore Team! I would like to say THANKYOU. This has been a tremendously great eye opener.
I never new such platforms exist, until i stumbled upon this online. Keep the good work. This something i must share not only with my students, but also my research colleagues. It matches my imagination. Culture Essay? I wonder why I haven’t seen this before…… Thank you so much. I am in the middle of my masters thesis and discovered this tool though a Phd forum. Thesis? It is essays in education simple and belonging identity thesis, easy to use for scholarship essay, literature management. I am planning to share it with my fellow researcher friends.
One question: Is there a back up option in Docear? Thank you Docear team ! Thanks for using Docear and identity statements, recommending it to your colleagues and friends. Comparison Essay Half Caste Search My Tongue? Indeed, Docear offers the option to backup you mindmaps. All you need to do is to register for a free user account and activate the backup function. Belonging Thesis? Please see Docear’s user manual for details: http://www.docear.org/support/user-manual/#Backup_Versioning.
Thank you Norman for the quick reply. I discovered that the online backup option is italian enabled by default in the preference tab under Online Services in Docear. I am using Docear on Linux and identity thesis, have a slight problem opening linked pdf files with bookmarks or annotations. I have Foxit reader and PDf exchange viewer install using Wine but they refuse to become my default browsers even after I have made them default by answering ‘Yes’ to the prompts that pop up when I open Foxit or PDFexchange. Physics Paper 2 Essay? When I click to open pdf links through Docear, it opens with the default Ubuntu pdf viewer. Statements? (I have read that Foxit has a linux version as well but it doesn’t give all the functionality that its Windows’ version gives like multiple tabs etc). Is there a way I can open my bookmarked pages or highlighted text through Docear in Linux ? Please post your question in the Docear Support Forum: http://www.docear.org/support/forums/ (no registration required). The experts at Docear are better capable to unique essay questions help you.
Best, If your question refers to statements formatting the bibliography in APA style, you can achieve that by installing the comparison essay half search my tongue, apalike BibTex style (http://ctan.mackichan.com/biblio/bibtex/base/apalike.bst) and using the following style flag in BibTex4Word (assuming you use MS Word): apalike/pluh( hello…please i would like someone to help me with an article containg the APA STYLE. Thesis? thanks. Excellent exposition of critical thinking for students. University of Canberra, Australia. Good tutorial. Essays In Education? Centrally focused on electronics aids to writers. Will help students a lot. Currently Iam in the middle of my disserttaion working on chapter two. Since last year I have been typing all of my notes and references paperlesly on the computer. Thesis? Finding this tutorial really helps and I will be using it.
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Englishadv1012 - Belonging Thesis Statements - Act One
The terrorist inside my husband's brain. Funding for Travel or Speaker Honoraria: Clinical Procedures or Imaging Studies: Research Support, Foundations and belonging thesis Societies: Serving on the board of directors for the American Brain Foundation. Stock/Stock Options/Board of essays on issues Directors Compensation: License Fee Payments, Technology or Inventions:
Royalty Payments, Technology or Inventions: Stock/Stock Options, Medical Equipment Materials: I am writing to share a story with you, specifically for you. Belonging. My hope is that it will help you understand your patients along with their spouses and caregivers a little more. And as for the research you do, perhaps this will add a few more faces behind the physics, why you do what you do. I am sure there are already so many.
This is a personal story, sadly tragic and heartbreaking, but by sharing this information with you I know that you can help make a difference in the lives of identity thesis statements others. As you may know, my husband Robin Williams had the little-known but deadly Lewy body disease (LBD). He died from suicide in italian essay, 2014 at belonging identity thesis the end of an intense, confusing, and relatively swift persecution at the hand of this disease's symptoms and essays in education pathology. Belonging Statements. He was not alone in his traumatic experience with this neurologic disease. As you may know, almost 1.5 million nationwide are suffering similarly right now. Although not alone, his case was extreme. Business Plan Company. Not until the coroner's report, 3 months after his death, would I learn that it was diffuse LBD that took him. All 4 of the belonging, doctors I met with afterwards and search my tongue who had reviewed his records indicated his was one of the worst pathologies they had seen. Identity. He had about 40% loss of dopamine neurons and almost no neurons were free of Lewy bodies throughout the entire brain and brainstem. Robin is and will always be a larger-than-life spirit who was inside the body of a normal man with a human brain.
He just happened to be that 1 in 6 who is physics paper 2 essay, affected by brain disease. Not only did I lose my husband to LBD, I lost my best friend. Robin and I had in each other a safe harbor of unconditional love that we had both always longed for. Belonging Statements. For 7 years together, we got to tell each other our greatest hopes and fears without any judgment, just safety. As we said often to one another, we were each other's anchor and mojo: that magical elixir of feeling grounded and inspired at the same time by essay, each other's presence. One of belonging identity my favorite bedrock things we would do together was review how our days went. Italian. Often, this was more than just at the end of the belonging, day. It did not matter if we were both working at culture home, traveling together, or if he was on the road. We would discuss our joys and triumphs, our fears and identity insecurities, and our concerns. Essays In Education. Any obstacles life threw at us individually or as a couple were somehow surmountable because we had each other. When LBD began sending a firestorm of symptoms our way, this foundation of friendship and love was our armor.
The colors were changing and the air was crisp; it was already late October of 2013 and our second wedding anniversary. Robin had been under his doctors' care. He had been struggling with symptoms that seemed unrelated: constipation, urinary difficulty, heartburn, sleeplessness and insomnia, and a poor sense of smell—and lots of stress. Belonging Statements. He also had a slight tremor in his left hand that would come and go. For the time being, that was attributed to essay a previous shoulder injury.
On this particular weekend, he started having gut discomfort. Having been by belonging statements, my husband's side for many years already, I knew his normal reactions when it came to fear and anxiety. What would follow was markedly out of character for him. His fear and anxiety skyrocketed to a point that was alarming. I wondered privately, Is my husband a hypochondriac? Not until after Robin left us would I discover that a sudden and prolonged spike in fear and anxiety can be an early indication of LBD. He was tested for paper, diverticulitis and the results were negative. Like the belonging thesis, rest of the symptoms that followed, they seemed to come and go at random times. Some symptoms were more prevalent than others, but these increased in frequency and severity over the next 10 months.
By wintertime, problems with paranoia, delusions and looping, insomnia, memory, and high cortisol levels—just to name a few—were settling in hard. Psychotherapy and my tongue other medical help was becoming a constant in trying to manage and solve these seemingly disparate conditions. I was getting accustomed to the two of us spending more time in reviewing our days. Belonging Thesis. The subjects though were starting to fall predominantly in the category of fear and unique questions anxiety. These concerns that used to have a normal range of belonging thesis tenor were beginning to lodge at a high frequency for him. Once the coroner's report was reviewed, a doctor was able to point out to me that there was a high concentration of Lewy bodies within the in education, amygdala. This likely caused the belonging statements, acute paranoia and out-of-character emotional responses he was having. How I wish he could have known why he was struggling, that it was not a weakness in unique scholarship questions, his heart, spirit, or character.
In early April, Robin had a panic attack. Belonging Statements. He was in essay my tongue, Vancouver, filming Night at the Museum 3 . Belonging Statements. His doctor recommended an antipsychotic medication to help with the anxiety. It seemed to make things better in some ways, but far worse in others. Grammar Checklist For Essay Writing. Quickly we searched for belonging identity statements, something else. Not until after he left us would I discover that antipsychotic medications often make things worse for people with LBD. Also, Robin had a high sensitivity to medications and sometimes his reactions were unpredictable. Italian Essay. This is apparently a common theme in people with LBD.
During the filming of the movie, Robin was having trouble remembering even one line for his scenes, while just 3 years prior he had played in a full 5-month season of the Broadway production Bengal Tiger at the Baghdad Zoo , often doing two shows a day with hundreds of lines—and not one mistake. This loss of memory and inability to control his anxiety was devastating to him. While I was on a photo shoot at Phoenix Lake, capturing scenes to paint, he called several times. He was very concerned with insecurities he was having about himself and interactions with others. We went over every detail. The fears were unfounded and I could not convince him otherwise. I was powerless in helping him see his own brilliance. For the first time, my own reasoning had no effect in belonging thesis statements, helping my husband find the unique scholarship essay, light through the tunnels of his fear.
I felt his disbelief in the truths I was saying. My heart and my hope were shattered temporarily. Identity Statements. We had reached a place we had never been before. My husband was trapped in the twisted architecture of his neurons and no matter what I did I could not pull him out. In early May, the movie wrapped and he came home from Vancouver—like a 747 airplane coming in with no landing gear. Essays In Education. I have since learned that people with LBD who are highly intelligent may appear to be okay for longer initially, but then, it is thesis, as though the dam suddenly breaks and they cannot hold it back anymore. In Robin's case, on top of being a genius, he was a Julliard-trained actor.
I will never know the true depth of his suffering, nor just how hard he was fighting. 2 Essay Questions. But from where I stood, I saw the bravest man in the world playing the belonging identity thesis statements, hardest role of my tongue his life. Robin was losing his mind and he was aware of belonging identity thesis it. Can you imagine the business for a company, pain he felt as he experienced himself disintegrating ? And not from belonging identity statements something he would ever know the italian culture, name of, or understand? Neither he, nor anyone could stop it—no amount of intelligence or love could hold it back. Powerless and frozen, I stood in the darkness of identity not knowing what was happening to my husband. Was it a single source, a single terrorist, or was this a combo pack of disease raining down on him? He kept saying, “I just want to reboot my brain.” Doctor appointments, testing, and psychiatry kept us in perpetual motion. Countless blood tests, urine tests, plus rechecks of cortisol levels and lymph nodes.
A brain scan was done, looking for a possible tumor on his pituitary gland, and checklist writing his cardiologist rechecked his heart. Everything came back negative, except for belonging thesis, high cortisol levels. We wanted to be happy about all the negative test results, but Robin and I both had a deep sense that something was terribly wrong. On May 28th, he was diagnosed with Parkinson disease (PD). We had an answer. Comparison Essay Half Caste Search. My heart swelled with hope. But somehow I knew Robin was not buying it.
When we were in the neurologist's office learning exactly what this meant, Robin had a chance to ask some burning questions. He asked, “Do I have Alzheimer's? Dementia? Am I schizophrenic?” The answers were the best we could have gotten: No, no, and no. There were no indications of these other diseases.
It is apparent to me now that he was most likely keeping the thesis, depth of his symptoms to himself. Robin continued doing all the right things—therapy, physical therapy, bike riding, and working out with his trainer. He used all the skills he picked up and had fine-tuned from the Dan Anderson retreat in Minnesota, like deeper 12-step work, meditation, and grammar yoga. We went to see a specialist at identity Stanford University who taught him self-hypnosis techniques to quell the irrational fears and physics 2 essay questions anxiety. Nothing seemed to alleviate his symptoms for long. Throughout all of this, Robin was clean and sober, and somehow, we sprinkled those summer months with happiness, joy, and the simple things we loved: meals and birthday celebrations with family and friends, meditating together, massages, and movies, but mostly just holding each other's hand. Robin was growing weary. The parkinsonian mask was ever present and his voice was weakened. Belonging Identity. His left hand tremor was continuous now and unique scholarship essay he had a slow, shuffling gait. Belonging. He hated that he could not find the words he wanted in conversations.
He would thrash at night and still had terrible insomnia. Culture. At times, he would find himself stuck in a frozen stance, unable to move, and frustrated when he came out of it. He was beginning to have trouble with visual and spatial abilities in the way of judging distance and depth. His loss of basic reasoning just added to belonging thesis statements his growing confusion. It felt like he was drowning in essay, his symptoms, and I was drowning along with him. Typically the plethora of LBD symptoms appear and belonging identity thesis disappear at random times—even throughout the course of a day. I experienced my brilliant husband being lucid with clear reasoning 1 minute and then, 5 minutes later, blank, lost in confusion. Prior history can also complicate a diagnosis.
In Robin's case, he had a history of depression that had not been active for unique scholarship essay, 6 years. So when he showed signs of depression just months before he left, it was interpreted as a satellite issue, maybe connected to PD. Throughout the course of Robin's battle, he had experienced nearly all of the belonging statements, 40-plus symptoms of LBD, except for one. He never said he had hallucinations. A year after he left, in essay, speaking with one of the doctors who reviewed his records, it became evident that most likely he did have hallucinations, but was keeping that to himself. It was nearing the belonging identity, end of July and we were told Robin would need to have inpatient neurocognitive testing done in order to evaluate the essays, mood disorder aspect of belonging thesis his condition.
In the meantime, his medication was switched from Mirapex to unique essay questions Sinemet in an effort to reduce symptoms. We were assured Robin would be feeling better soon, and that his PD was early and mild. We felt hopeful again. What we did not know was that when these diseases “start” (are diagnosed) they have actually been going on belonging thesis statements, for a long time. By now, our combined sleep deficit was becoming a danger to both of us.
We were instructed to on issues sleep apart until we could catch up on our sleep. The goal was to have him begin inpatient testing free of the identity statements, sleep-deprived state he was in. As the second weekend in August approached, it seemed his delusional looping was calming down. Maybe the switch in medications was working. Essay. We did all the belonging statements, things we love on Saturday day and into scholarship questions the evening, it was perfect—like one long date. By the end of Sunday, I was feeling that he was getting better. When we retired for sleep, in our customary way, my husband said to me, “Goodnight, my love,” and belonging statements waited for my familiar reply: “Goodnight, my love.”
His words still echo through my heart today. Monday, August 11, Robin was gone. After Robin left, time has never functioned the comparison essay half caste my tongue, same for belonging statements, me. My search for meaning has replicated like an inescapable spring throughout nearly every aspect of in education my world, including the most mundane. Robin and I had begun our unplanned research on the brain through the door of blind experience. Belonging Thesis. During the final months we shared together, our sights were locked fast on identifying and vanquishing the terrorist within his brain. Since then, I have continued our research but on the other side of that experience, in the realm of the science behind it. Three months after Robin's death, the autopsy report was finally ready for review. When the forensic pathologist and coroner's deputy asked if I was surprised by the diffuse LBD pathology, I said, “Absolutely not,” even though I had no idea what it meant at the time.
The mere fact that something had invaded nearly every region of in education my husband's brain made perfect sense to me. In the year that followed, I set out to expand my view and belonging identity understanding of LBD. I met with medical professionals who had reviewed Robin's last 2 years of essay questions medical records, the belonging identity thesis statements, coroner's report, and brain scans. Their reactions were all the same: that Robin's was one of the worst LBD pathologies they had seen and that there was nothing else anyone could have done. Our entire medical team was on the right track and we would have gotten there eventually. Physics. In fact, we were probably close. But would having a diagnosis while he was alive really have made a difference when there is thesis statements, no cure? We will never know the answer to this.
I am not convinced that the knowledge would have done much more than prolong Robin's agony while he would surely become one of the most famous test subjects of new medicines and on issues in education ongoing medical trials. Even if we experienced some level of belonging comfort in knowing the name, and fleeting hope from temporary comfort with medications, the terrorist was still going to kill him. There is no cure and business plan for a Robin's steep and rapid decline was assured. The massive proliferation of Lewy bodies throughout his brain had done so much damage to neurons and neurotransmitters that in effect, you could say he had chemical warfare in his brain. One professional stated, “It was as if he had cancer throughout every organ of his body.” The key problem seemed to be that no one could correctly interpret Robin's symptoms in belonging identity statements, time. I was driven to grammar checklist learn everything I could about this disease that I finally had the name of. Some of what I learned surprised me. One neuropathologist described LBD and belonging identity statements PD as being at physics 2 essay questions opposite ends of a disease spectrum. That spectrum is based on belonging thesis, something they share in common: the presence of essays in education Lewy bodies—the unnatural clumping of the identity thesis, normal protein, ?-synuclein, within brain neurons.
I was also surprised to essay caste search learn that a person is diagnosed with LBD vs PD depending on which symptoms present first. After months and months, I was finally able to be specific about Robin's disease. Clinically he had PD, but pathologically he had diffuse LBD. The predominant symptoms Robin had were not physical—the pathology more than backed that up. However you look at it—the presence of Lewy bodies took his life. The journey Robin and thesis I were on together has led me to knowing the American Academy of comparison half my tongue Neurology and other groups and identity thesis doctors. It has led me to discover the American Brain Foundation, where I now serve on the Board of Directors. This is where you come into the story.
Hopefully from this sharing of essay our experience you will be inspired to turn Robin's suffering into something meaningful through your work and wisdom. It is my belief that when healing comes out of Robin's experience, he will not have battled and died in vain. You are uniquely positioned to thesis statements help with this. I know you have accomplished much already in the areas of culture research and discovery toward cures in brain disease. And I am sure at times the progress has felt painfully slow. Do not give up. Trust that a cascade of cures and discovery is imminent in belonging statements, all areas of brain disease and grammar checklist writing you will be a part of making that happen. If only Robin could have met you. He would have loved you—not just because he was a genius and enjoyed science and discovery, but because he would have found a lot of material within your work to use in entertaining his audiences, including the troops.
In fact, the most repeat character role he played throughout his career was a doctor, albeit different forms of practice. You and your work have ignited a spark within the identity statements, region of my brain where curiosity and interest lie and within my heart where hope lives. I want to on issues follow you. Belonging Identity Statements. Not like a crazed fan, but like someone who knows you just might be the one who discovers the cure for paper 2 essay questions, LBD and other brain diseases. Thank you for what you have done, and for identity thesis, what you are about to do.
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essay on love poetry © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course. Thesis. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach.
Read on! Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the scholarship essay teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in your coursework and belonging identity, exam answers? At the core of comparison essay half caste any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the statements majority of marks. In a nutshell, the more subtly you interpret a poem - and essays on issues in education, give support for your interpretation - the higher your marks, and grade, will be.
Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is belonging statements never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and discuss why this was done. Remember: the unique essay meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the belonging identity thesis statements poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Culture. Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in identity thesis, which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in plan for a company, facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an statements, insight into what the poem might mean. This is why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!).
Examiners will always give the most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and writing, are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is belonging invariably easier to uncover the on issues layers of meaning in thesis, a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. Culture. This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Belonging Identity. Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at essays stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to belonging thesis statements, get the grammar highest grade you can.
So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and get boosting those exam grades. Many students lose marks by going off at a tangent and identity thesis, misreading their poem. Plan For A. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Identity Statements. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the unique essay same ideas to any poem you are studying.
You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of identity a poem. This is a key thing for you to appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on on issues in education one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. Statements. ' Agard opens his poem by physics questions creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the thesis statements second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the paper 2 essay questions reader to the fact that while both kinds of English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is belonging identity statements considered to company, be prestigious and 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning.
In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. Belonging Identity Statements. He wants the reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of essays in education communicating its message well. Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of 'saying the unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the poems you study at school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and belonging identity, this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and half caste search my tongue, feeling into them.
Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and statements, skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to writing, crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the thesis statements poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them! Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the paper 2 essay questions subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is far from ideal. This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and time at thesis statements home with mobile phone, MP3 player and TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to my tongue, read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again.
It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on identity the poem in between readings. Reading for Meaning. Quite a useful thing to for essay, do when you first begin your work on belonging identity statements analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem! Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is generally all about. This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in unique essay questions, your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the belonging statements speaking in the poem - what kind of person and in what kind of paper 2 essay state or mood? By the way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of belonging identity thesis statements it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to business for a, explore all kinds of identity thesis aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from different viewpoints, for essays example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is identity being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an italian, imaginary person. Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation.
Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the belonging identity statements subject matter being discussed?). Now - and this is crucial to italian culture, a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Statements. Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the physics paper questions poem? Make a note of belonging where this occurs. Finally, where do the grammar events of the poem happen and what is the situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of belonging identity thesis each sentence (i.e. stop reading at each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about this and scholarship essay, perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the text). This is often the easiest and surest way to find out what the poet is trying to say.
You can consider the effects of belonging identity thesis statements other poetic devices the poet has used, such as the paper way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on belonging identity thesis later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to on issues in education, understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences. If you find this to be the case, try searching for a study guide to your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for belonging identity thesis statements help. If you are still struggling to get to grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the culture important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is statements not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Plan Company. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Even better (in fact, far better!) is to belonging identity, read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend.
Put embarrassment to culture, one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is belonging identity thesis statements a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the unique essay questions poem's surface and belonging identity statements, finding its more subtle meanings. But what you have to do is business for a avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to belonging statements, a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays? The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the on issues in education surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem.
A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to identity thesis, get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an grammar for essay writing, important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the identity thesis meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and essays in education, misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to belonging identity statements, listen to John Agard reading a part of grammar checklist for essay writing his poem, Half-Caste . Notice the slow and thesis statements, emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay. Writing an essay about a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to scholarship questions, read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to belonging thesis statements, develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the italian Englishbiz guide has much more on this.
What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to belonging, show knowledge of its layers of meaning and essays on issues, its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to belonging identity, show you have recognised how meaning is developed across the whole poem - as each idea is paper 2 essay questions explored and belonging identity statements, builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to italian essay, show you some past exam questions . There is no better way to familiarise yourself with what is belonging identity required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on comparison half my tongue their web sites . Highlight the key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of thesis these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't! In an italian essay, exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on belonging identity these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it.
Work out exactly what is required of you. Discussing the physics paper questions poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is identity statements often better to get on essays on issues in education with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out how and why these tones and changes in tone have been made to occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the poem and thesis statements, this gains many marks. Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an caste, effective means of engaging the belonging reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on in education the use of belonging thesis statements what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended.
Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in in education, the mind's eye. It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and identity statements, shape meaning. It also works to grammar, develop an emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the thesis statements old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and in education, see how the images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the belonging world and older than the. flow of human blood in human veins.
My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for you to culture, feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in mind , work out your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to identity statements, look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you. It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to italian culture essay, a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the thesis subtle levels of meaning created in checklist for essay, poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to unlock the meaning of belonging a poem. There is a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines!
Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the stanzas of the grammar checklist writing poem). Does it allow a special degree of emphasis to be placed on statements parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to italian, shape meaning . Remember that only poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry! As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in statements, which a poet can play around with the grammar for essay form of language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an belonging statements, end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the next stanza. Poets also sometimes create the effect of an extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect.
This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the grammar for essay writing repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the belonging thesis statements use of rhythm and rhyme , makes words memorable.
It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice. Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the 2 essay questions tone of voice within your poem and note how and identity statements, where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of in education vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of thesis statements softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the scholarship essay questions same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'?
Often 'sound effects' created by using the form of words help to suggest a particular tone of voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality. Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. Belonging Thesis. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of essay questions values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from traditional poetry. Identity Statements. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the essay half structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of belonging identity images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and essay half, meaning of the poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. Belonging Thesis Statements. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into unique questions the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is identity 'working' on checklist writing you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions:
1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. 'war') and in particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare'). For example, were you trying to help your reader to thesis, understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by essays your circumstances : the beliefs, values and thesis, attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of italian your society or its leaders (i.e. Belonging Identity Thesis Statements. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the in education style in which you wrote?
Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and thesis statements, this does add an extra layer of business plan for a company difficulty. Identity Thesis Statements. However, if you are writing an argument essay , the difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the poems themselves. Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in in education, support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to belonging identity thesis statements, compare and contrast the italian culture ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for your own argument. In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the alternative is to statements, write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to plan, refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of belonging identity thesis comparison or contrast.
N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is unique essay questions a part of the identity thesis mark scheme in this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well. 2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the checklist for essay writing poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into identity the poet's reasons and methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the grammar for essay writing highest marks. 3. Use the identity P.E.E. method of analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there.
If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. Essay. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the poet is trying to say in the whole poem. A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of identity thesis statements your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and interesting as you are!
Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.