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Harvard Business School MBA Essay Topic Analysis 2017-2018
anti-sasunaru essay Author of Instant Message. Sasuke X Sakura. Romance, Horror, Mystery, Drama. Business Essays Application! Sakura had lived the life of a teenaged-girl to proper, perfection. That was, of course, before she met him –a mysterious stranger she met from cyber world who had it all in harvard business essays one: humour, manners (for the rubric for 3 most part) and so hotly secretive… it was all fun and exciting until that one night, when he proposed to harvard business application, play a little game of his own. For 3 Essays! She agreed without any hesitation.
And before she knew it, she was being watched…followed… Suddenly, he was everywhere, and there were no places left to business essays, hide in. Little did Sakura know, she was being drawn into a never ending game of hide and go kill -an online game made too deadly real. And that the cost of paragraph, loosing was the harvard business school application life of your own. An Excerpt of Instant Message: To be able to play any sort of a board game, logically, you'll need two main things: the rbc black history player and the representing token, also known as: the game piece. Business Essays! A game piece is, according to the dictionary, the write an essay book object the player controls to be able to carry through and business school essays application play the game. The player, in the process, enjoys the game, if it goes well to his liking.
But why wouldn't it… when the creative writing exercises for first graders token, a mere nonliving thing, did not have the ability to harvard business application, object? The player, therefore, was in control. The game piece only follows. In this little game that I was involuntarily playing in, He was the player… …And I was his game piece. Death has just signed in. Write An Essay About! It all starts with eight friends. Telling of business school essays application, mysteries, folklore and creative writing exercises graders legends. Friday nights; Fireflies and firelights.
With a little love, a little humour. And a large scoop of fear and terror. Essays Application! Sasuke X Sakura, Shikamaru X Ino, Naruto X Hinata, Neji X Ten Ten. Romance, Horror, Humor. Month! The LESS THAN TREE One-Shot Series: A collection of one-shots on love and technology. Romance just got a lot less romantic. There are many things the Lord of the Western Lands can do. Texting is not one of them. School! Sesshomaru X Kagome One-Shot. Romance, Humor, Family. Paragraph! Less Than Three # 1. In which the Lord of the harvard business essays Western Lands tries to decode the write secret human language of smiley faces texting slang.
And fails miserably. Sesshomaru X Kagome One-Shot. Romance, Humor, Family. Less Than Three # 2. He was leaving. She was heartbroken. There was still so much left unsaid.
Unfortunately, internet makes romance a lot less romantic. Kakashi X Sakura One-Shot. Romance, Humor, Drama. Less Than Three # 3. He might have been born 500 years ago, but Sesshomaru knows ALL about the current era. And how to charm modern women. Sesshomaru X Kagome One-Shot. Harvard School! Old habits die hard. Dog habits die harder. A collection of proper essay, one-shots on Lord Sesshomaru’s most adorable – canine – habits. (It’s not his fault.
He can’t help it if he lifts a leg to do his business…) A tale of harvard business school essays application, betrayal and rbc black month essay jealousy. In which Sesshomaru meets his challenger. You have precisely 5 seconds to business application, get off her, you sly, shameless, mate-stealing devil! Sesshomaru X Kagome One-Shot. Romance, Humor, Drama. Frequently Asked Questions. What inspired Instant Message? In middle school, I had a phase where I talked to strangers – anyone – online, on Friendster, Yahoo Messenger, MSN, Fanfiction, Deviant Art, chatrooms, etc. Proper Typed! Eventually, I realized how dangerous that could have been.
Because I’m secretly evil, I played the “what if” game: What if I’d talked to a serial killer? What if he stalked me? What if he watched everything I did? And IM was born. =) How many chapters are left on harvard business school essays, Instant Message? It’ll be about rubric paragraph essays, 70 chapters in total, more or less. I’m still writing the resolution and ending, so the exact number of remaining chapters are still unknown. Can I translate Instant Message? All translations must be uploaded on essays application, Fanfiction, not any other external website. Private Message me for permission first, please.
I will most likely say yes, and give a very, very obnoxious “Thank You!” You should write a book. You should make Instant Message into a book. Or a movie. I love you. Those words make me giggle all over.
Can I make a Fan Art of Instant Message / I made one, wanna see?! Yes, please! Send me a link and proper typed essay I would love to see your awesome drawings! I’ll also probably ask permission if I can share the link on harvard business essays, one of rubric paragraph, my chapters, so everyone else can see it. Inspiration for Auto-Incorrect? Frustration from auto-correct… PLUS Sesshomaru born in harvard essays application the Feudal era probably clueless with modern technology… PLUS Sesshomaru’s superiority complex… EQUALS: There’s nothing more hilarious than knocking Sesshomaru off his high horse. x) Inspiration for Less Than Three series?
It occurred to be that a lot of Anima I write / read fanfiction for about, are not in the modern era. And I just love clueless, befuddled, adorable characters. Especially someone as unruffled as Sesshomaru. Hands down, my all-time favorites would have to harvard school application, be. - Crazy-Silly-Me (one of my first favourites) - Obsidian Sickle (everyone’s classic, of course) For advice on specific writing skills, message me! In General: I think of writing as manipulation. All you have are words—no soundtrack, no visuals, nothing. You make to make the readers feel what you want them to feel. Essay! LAUGH! CRY! BE SCARED!
You want them to think what you want them to think: if there’s a surprise at the end, hide that surprise, make them think something else, control how much they know, whether they’re suspicious about this character or that… That’s usually my mind frame when writing. Write with a purpose. Application! 1) Show, don’t tell. Don’t say she’s scared, show the trembling in her fingers, the cold sweat down her pale neck… etc. Uc Berkeley Creative Writing! Don’t say they love each other, show the look of harvard, concern, the small touches, the way he picks up the writing for first graders phone at the first ring. Don’t write a whole essay about a character’s back story – show it with flashbacks, dialogue, reactions, gossip, news articles, etc. Get the picture?
2) Rarity = Emphasis. Short sentences at the end of a long paragraph get attention! (Darkness filled the room, creating a cold, dark atmosphere for business school essays application, fear and dread, clawing up my spine and clogging, suffocating my throat. There—in the corner—a shadow. And a knife.) Same for rbc black history, romance. Harvard! If every hand held, every finger touched, and every peck on the forehead are rare and far between, then those moments will mean so much more when they actually happen. If the characters are making out exercises for first all over the place, it’s not that memorable, is it? 3) Avoid I SUCK AT SUMMARIES. If you can't give enough effort into two sentences, you can't expect readers to take the time to read the rest.
4) Accept criticism. Even flames! I usually take a few days to calm my emotions before I go back and re-read the flame see if they have a point. To everyone who has supported me via reviews, I thank you. Even to people who hadn't reviewed, and business yet favorited or alerted or taken the time to read this story, my gratitude to you as well.
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Example of strong Harvard Business School essay - Business Insider
LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and harvard business school essays, compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of a [practicing] lawyer.
I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams. Rubric? This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Harvard Essays Application? Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an example of LEEWS' effectiveness in about my favourite book, practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by business essays application a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is rbc black essay contest, essay in nature. (You are basically asked to harvard business identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into rbc black month essay contest, the exam with you (save the code in a course based on application, a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. Graders? However, open book is misleading, as there is typically little time to refer to aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and school, limits as to proper essay how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors.
There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the harvard business essays, eight in book, the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to application relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the prons and cons, subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC. I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to school essays application identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in for first, effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer.
You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the harvard school, model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is why so few law students manage even a single A on final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is book, what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.)
Coris Becker, an occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at harvard business essays application the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. Rubric Essays? As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris. I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in the hot tub for hours. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Not the most graceful move in the world. At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of business school essays application Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for about Coris' injury and business school application, the destruction of the tennis racquet.
Thereupon followed, inter alia , the creative writing for first, following events and business essays, motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the summons and complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to proper typed essay him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and business school application, blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against writing, the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. Business School? served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband. Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an rbc black contest admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to negligent behavior. Doris ignored it.
6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in your head as well as your course outline.
Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.) Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to the subject matter of the action is harvard school application, discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is prons, privileged against harvard business, disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the rbc black month, rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is present in harvard business essays application, the state where an action is my favourite, brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is harvard business school essays application, entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the write about my favourite, summons and complaint to the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to business school said address (so-called nail and mail). A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to creative exercises for first graders serve the defendant at business application home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of writing for first graders due diligence.
Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on business school essays application, appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to proper typed acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in harvard essays application, doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. The party served normally has 30 days to respond. Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to prons essay an abstract statement of harvard school law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is write an essay my favourite, negligent, per business se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of and cons essay inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of claims and issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to business school essays prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and defend (policy!).
Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the transaction which is the subject of the writing exercises, action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in the county where the action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals) Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. Perform Steps One, Two, and Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of business generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to essay keep the litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:]
1 = Change venue to harvard school essays application Queens County vs. Uc Berkeley Writing? keep it in Manhattan County. 2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. Harvard? exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed. [My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and rbc black month contest, will be relatively straightforward of analysis. Therefore, the harvard business school essays application, time to and cons essay be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of harvard school application train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on history month essay contest, I shall work on each question to business essays completion before going on to the next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and uc berkeley, objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for harvard business school application relevant premises.]
1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and and cons essay, mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on to No.3; . Harvard Business Application? . . No.4; . . . 5; . . . 6.] 3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for write about my favourite waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for admission, and failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to be but one or two premises to be considered for each event/motion, and since I am working on each exclusive of the others, Step Three is unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of harvard business school application inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to writing graders determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of essays a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent.
No reason apparent not to proceed in the chronology given. [When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. For 3 Paragraph? The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose.
Transitory has been defined to mean that the harvard business application, transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Coris' fall and the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in about, New York County of harvard business application Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only paragraph essays, where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the harvard, defendant at creative writing exercises for first home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of due diligence. Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at harvard business his place of uc berkeley creative business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in harvard essays, an action, answers the complaint, and an essay about my favourite book, interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of school essays application personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an essays appeal. Harvard School Application? [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the typed, complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on appeal is after trial.
However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for business school application raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of book lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the harvard business school application, action is creative, discoverable, even if not admissible as proof. Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by harvard school essays application either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an contest eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of essays application Coris' truthfulness. Confidential normally implies private or secret. Proper Essay? [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at business application a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential.
Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to sue, her statement in the context of essay contest remarks about school, dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. Prons Essay? [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the business school essays application, husband was not confidential, and therefore not privileged. A request for an admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the existence of facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of prons law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial. Moreover, in that negligence is business application, a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of proper essay law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of acknowledgment. A final judgment on school essays application, the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of rubric essays action in a subsequent suit. Doris' action in business school application, small claims court is grounded in the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and history month essay, sets forth the harvard business school essays, same cause of action as the for 3 essays, one dismissed in application, the primary action herein.
A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and creative, a judgment on harvard business, the merits. Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and proper typed essay, Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in its bylaws and harvard business, articles of incorporation) of manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and uc berkeley creative, went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of Southeast Asia ski resort options. In the fall of business application 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the creative for first graders, RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to school application the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and history month essay, records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and harvard business school essays, records, to creative writing exercises block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture. 1) RIPCORP moved to business school application dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. Rubric? 2) RIPCORP moved in harvard business school essays application, the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit.
3) Meanwhile, the creative for first graders, RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and school essays, purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to about book quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority.
Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the right of the corporation to recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and harvard school, statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to prons and cons a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the business essays, stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of typed essay record for at school essays application least six months immediately preceding the prons and cons, demand; or 2) he is harvard business essays application, a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares. Shareholder rights of action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
The latter derivative action may be maintained only if 1) the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to creative writing the corporation occurred; and harvard business application, 3) the plaintiff shows in his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the board members are the an essay my favourite, defendants). Note that in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is business essays, adjudged to writing for first have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.
MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the harvard business school essays application, sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle. However, the objectives relevant to a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Uc Berkeley Creative? Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!).
Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for business motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in rbc black history month contest, the preceding sentence . The facts in harvard school essays, the first two paragraphs need only be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not. 2) [Must refer to relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in rubric for 3 essays, toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of harvard directors in prons and cons, such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight.
Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the business school essays, effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to skip Step Three and write an essay about, go to the writing phase .] Preview of harvard school essays a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to typed essay enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the application, corporation. Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the write my favourite, plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and when the harvard essays application, alleged wrong to proper essay the corporation occurred.
Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and harvard, has been since long before the about my favourite book, ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at harvard school least six months immediately preceding the demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. Paragraph? However, she has been a stockholder of harvard business school essays record since the initial offering, over two years prior. So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the typed, purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the purposes and powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the school application, corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Uc Berkeley Creative Writing? Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for harvard business essays application off-road vehicles, the Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to first make a demand on creative writing exercises for first, the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is that the business school, plaintiff demand that the write an essay my favourite, board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the business school application, defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception.
Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in for 3 paragraph, order to minimize the possibility of harvard derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for costs , unless the rubric, plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of outstanding shares, or the value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. School Essays? However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!] Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to creative impose this financial impediment. [Note the school application, use of the policy underpinning as a basis for a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and directors for write an essay my favourite even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown.
[Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to begin the harvard school essays, analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against writing, the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the essays, inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of their duty to act in good faith. However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for some time in a pattern of an essay about my favourite book divers schemes wholly unrelated to its stated purpose, it is harvard business, unlikely that a court would be willing to write about take judicial notice of such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the harvard business school essays application, resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on behalf of the exercises graders, corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by business school application the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to uc berkeley creative my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms:
First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and school application, bequeath the essay, rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to essays my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to rbc black essay contest Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in harvard school application, 1997 for $200,000.
3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at for first graders his desk with cigarette in hand, set fire to some papers. One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the business essays application, 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in uc berkeley creative writing, 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is harvard business essays, not in existence or not in writing, the possession of the harvard business application, testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an ademption occurs, the uc berkeley, legatee takes nothing.
Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to the estate). By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to harvard business school beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the rubric for 3 paragraph, legacy in equal proportions per stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in business application, accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at rbc black history month least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of harvard application a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is proper essay, so despite the business school essays, fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by about my favourite book the legatee as and where he finds it.
Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the testator, in business school application, executing a will or other document, accurately recites the nature and extent of rbc black his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty. Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the business essays application, estate) that stands between him and taking from for first graders, T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the will or codicil upon which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim.
Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in business essays, my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to sort them out at this point. Better to focus on creative exercises graders, one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is harvard business application, that once the controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction.
B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Writing? Z!] As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. Harvard School Essays Application? The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is rbc black history, so despite the fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy.
The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. Essays? There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in write book, making the codicil. Although a will may be revoked by means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of harvard business school application T's estate under the rubric paragraph essays, 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will. An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in school essays application, existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the republication of the 1994 will is typed essay, of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed.
A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Such surviving issue will take the harvard essays application, legacy in writing, equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. A properly executed will implies at harvard school application least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to take under said will. S was one of several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in rbc black history essay contest, probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in application, having the uc berkeley writing, will probated is compromised.
Y, however, not S stood to school take under the 1994 will. Prons And Cons? Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star.
I might even decide to harvard business put it on the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to the will exist to prove it in probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Proper Typed Essay? Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an harvard school essays application actual exam and model response sent to us by one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors.
Richard ordered the proper, audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the verbatim model response offered to school essays application students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section. Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to my success. . The exemplar is, in uc berkeley, fact, *my* exam essay answer, and if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in business school application, structured, step-by-step fashion, the rubric paragraph, examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over harvard essays application, the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at rbc black month essay the end, and school, perform Step One.
A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of rbc black history contest a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in business school essays application, general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points.
Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39] Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above.
F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions. Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. For 3 Paragraph? Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is incomplete, you should advise the instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. Harvard Business Essays? You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument.
You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person. Your answers for rbc black history month essay Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on business school, each page, and staple all of the history month essay, pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and business essays, do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. Typed? If a court rule or a statute is relevant to school application a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by an essay about my favourite number. 3. Business School Application? Write on only one side of a page and rbc black history contest, leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for harvard business school essays Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for and cons Part II to anything. Submission of Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the business, examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and the exam booklet in the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in.
You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and proper, return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the school essays application, answers. And Cons Essay? Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the business, exercise of jurisdiction on month, each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to the date of its decision in International Shoe; 3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s.
(a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by an act or omission in harvard business application, this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of creative conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at harvard business the time of contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the history, complaint by registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in harvard business application, a law firm. Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. And Cons Essay? Isolde. Date: Dec.
11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and Isolde are partners in school application, a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of history month their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of harvard business application Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and creative writing exercises for first graders, lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home. In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the harvard business school application, bank send them the paperwork at their shop.
On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in for 3 essays, the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of approximately $5,000. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. Harvard Business School Essays? When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for paragraph essays Prussia to collect the business essays, unpaid principal and interest. First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by rubric for 3 paragraph essays registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the court entered a default judgment against her for $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to harvard school register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of creative for first garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in a bank account in Swabia.
First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the business school application, federal court in Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by rbc black essay contest one of harvard business essays application her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and month, Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and school application, explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner.
Again, respond fully. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. Typed Essay? 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.
She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in harvard school essays, Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of essay First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for school the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in Prussia against Isolde is about my favourite, unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is business essays application, valid and uc berkeley creative writing, whether the service on business essays application, Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade. Proper Typed? Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.]
LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the business school essays application, statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at rubric the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of business school application premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the issue, making a separate statement of issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Prons And Cons Essay? Our only suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the harvard school application, parties.
First Commercial is write about my favourite book, a citizen of Prussia. Harvard Business School Essays Application? Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. Write An Essay About? [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not. Essays Application? At most, one can deduce that the essay, suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in harvard application, Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in essay, Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of school application Prussia, then there is history essay contest, not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. School Essays Application? However, if Isolde is my favourite, found to have relocated to Swabia with the intent of staying for harvard school essays application the indefinite future, then the uc berkeley, parties are diverse.
The federal diversity statute also requires the essays, amount in controversy to exceed $75,000. The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. Rubric For 3 Paragraph Essays? N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Business School Application? Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack.
However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to book stay indefinitely, so the school application, District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction. Prons? In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over business school application, the person. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Most of rubric for 3 paragraph you could have improved your answers by making better use of the harvard school essays, facts to uc berkeley support your analysis.
The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of state defendant only if the harvard business, state court could do so. Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the creative writing exercises for first, contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the business essays application, laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the write an essay, answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision.
Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to do with the fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to harvard application pay attention to our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis. First Commercial will argue that the long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the creative exercises for first, enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the defendant€™s act of harvard school entering into the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the an essay, loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at business school the furniture shop in Swabia.
This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the out of state act, the signing of the contract, which causes an in state result, the execution of the contract. [It is for first graders, probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on harvard business school essays, behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the creative writing exercises for first, papers to the bank. Business School Application? The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them. There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.]
Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. An Essay Book? Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the harvard business, proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to rubric for 3 the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to provide a statutory basis of jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is business essays application, implicit in the answer that the contest, constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the harvard essays application, argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the rubric paragraph, privileges of conducting activities in school application, the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial. Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to essay Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in school application, Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the facts seem to favor First Commercial.
In the uc berkeley creative writing, alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to business essays application a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the creative for first graders, dispute would be well served because of the harvard school application, choice of law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. Writing Exercises For First? The interest of the several states in efficiency and public policy do not seem to business essays enter the picture, so the fairness factors do not point to uc berkeley creative Prussia as an business essays application unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the writing exercises for first graders, issues about harvard school essays application, validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and prons, Bavaria. Business Essays? Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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”The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov Essay Sample. The Cherry Orchard is Chekhov’s magnum opus; of the 4 great plays which he has written, this is the one which comes closest to universality as well as to harvard business school application, generalizations which embrace all men. The Cherry Orchard is month essay a far less sombre play–it is a laughable, regrettable chaos, it was written, with daring effort, by a dying man. Conceivably it should be deemed something between an ordinary play, and a ballet for instance Petroushka. School Essays. In normal drama there is generally a significant unity of action; however, very often, little unity of acting. In The Cherry Orchard the unity of action is for the most part lost in a diversity of themes; its real unity lies in the union of its actors to make a total effect of combined tears and laughter. However there is as well a propensity in drama for attention to be concentrated on the actor speaking at a given moment, whereas the others eagerly wait their turns to speak; while in ballet the dancers dance simultaneously. At all events there are scenes of cautiously studied confusion in essay, The Cherry Orchard which reminds of the crowd-scenes in a ballet like Petroushka.
Nowhere else in Chekhov’s major plays is harvard business essays there such a whirl of boisterous humor and ludicrous absurdity. (Ed Menta, 1997) Although it reflects striking aspects of the Russian soul it as well contains aspects of feelings and thoughts which are relevant to creative for first, all mankind. The Cherry Orchard is born from application, silence, it is a huge pantomime recounting in the course of two hours and being decorated every now and then with bursts of poetry in the similar way as a necklace is livened up here and there with beautiful jewels. It is a setting of concise retorts which frame a very unusual silence. The Cherry Orchard flows gradually like life; it is a sort of and cons pure spring in which one hears the murmur of souls. Business School Application. Only some plays can give such a physical “impression of the passing of time”; this effect is attained through the fact that starting from silence, the play reproduces most intensely the rubric for 3 essays present; and harvard, the theatre is primarily the art of the prons essay present. In life the essays application present is what is uc berkeley creative writing most difficult to get hold of. Consequently it is not surprising that The Cherry Orchard ought to business essays application, be a play very difficult to grasp; its action occurs in silences, and the dialogues, with the poetic outbursts which shine like jewels, are like music merely meant to proper, make silence vibrate: silence struggles with time which in front of us or behind our backs constantly transforms the business school application future into past and memory.
It is a play regarding the passing of time; thus whether the characters are Russian or Japanese does not matter. Similar to some plays of Shakespeare and Moliere it is a play which has universal value and which belongs to all mankind. Uc Berkeley. However just as that English genius has illustrated better than anybody else the approach of madness, and just as French insight is at its best in telling the problems of the human heart, the business school essays Russian genius appears to be better fitted than any other to handle the present or the lived moment. History Essay Contest. Is Russia not placed astride the business application east and essay, the west in just the same way as the present is astride the past and the future? Thus far the universal values which are found in The Cherry Orchard cannot detract from the great homage which is because of the Russian soul for having exposed to us this subtle and deep experience of the passing of time. The arrangement of this play, which is constructs on silence and which occurs in essays, the present, is basically musical. The present, certainly, is something so indefinable, so fast changing, that the author never has sufficient time to rubric essays, build up a given theme, therefore he must always pass on to the next.
There is no time to stop, thus we pass from an everyday incident to a sentimental sensation, from this sensation to a general thought, from harvard business school essays application, that to a joke, from that to reflections on society, and all that., without ever exhausting any one of these moments which are in essay contest, fact merely means of avoiding the danger to which one incessantly returns. We are confronted by a series of moments of torpor scattered with sharp awakenings and ineffective attempts to turn away a magnetic attraction towards suffering and harvard business essays, disaster, likewise as one tries to keep oneself awake for the reason that one is afraid of dying in one’s sleep. Each of these unfulfilled and incomplete moments leaves behind a state of apprehension which is in fact the true subject of the play. One cannot help thinking that if an author applied these subtle methods of composition to his art, his music would most likely be ultra-modern. The themes are no sooner stated than they fade away as if burnt out and there is an air of incoherence between the different themes which is actually the result of the most careful and systematic planning. The dramatic movement is tremendously subtle, and and cons essay, built as it is on essays application, a musical analogy, it is a slow movement. The dramatic cadence of the play is a matter of density and not of velocity, or of speed of acting and writing, recounting events; it is efficient when every instant is filled to capacity.
It is often said, and school essays application, it is even confirmed as far as The Cherry Orchard is concerned in the Dictionnaire des Oeuvres, that there is very little action in Chekhov. What this in an essay about book, reality means is that there are no complex plots or abundance of incidents; however that does not mean that there is no action. Action must not be puzzled with plot. Harvard Business School Essays Application. “Let whatever you do be always simple,” said Horace, and Racine added: “Invention consists in making something out of nothing.” The action of The Cherry Orchard is rbc black month contest taut, and it holds the whole play, for every one of its moments is well filled and harvard business school essays, has its own density which does not lie in the dialogue but in the flowing life. (F. L. Lucas, 1963) The rest of the play is made up of life itself. The house is uc berkeley creative writing asleep in the night, waiting; people arrive; have some coffee, read a telegram, after that go to bed. School. The morning comes, the birds awaken.
In small groups, the inmates of the for first graders house sit in turn on the same bench, similar to flights of swallows on the same telegraph wire. Harvard Business. Some Jewish musicians pass by, playing; the moon rises; some dancing takes place; one more telegram is read, then a few glasses of creative kvass, a game at cards; five people arrive from harvard business essays, town. And Cons Essay. The time has now come to leave ‘the cherry orchard’; clothes have to be packed up, furniture has to application, be brought together; one hears the jingling bells of the essay horses in business essays, the courtyard; the shutters are closed, a last glance at the old wells and all is over. This house, which two hours before was like a pregnant woman about to give birth, is now an icy tomb from which life has fled. This life composed of silences, these strangely fleeting themes, this sorrowful and tormented unfolding of the prons action, confront French actors with entrancing problems. Harvard School. The French actor is used to basing his acting on the text which, in the French theatre, usually contains the action; here in this case, acting must find its basis outside the text.
When the action is contained in the text, it unfolds at a quicker cadence than when it is outside the creative writing text. The French actor is thus used to a quick tempo. The Cherry Orchard has a slow tempo, even for Russian actors, and besides that, Russian slowness is not the same as French slowness; consequently The Cherry Orchard must be produced according to French slowness and harvard application, not Russian slowness, however this slowness constitutes for uc berkeley creative French actors an outstanding discipline in the art of conveying the density of life. There are few plays more entrancing than this play. There are not several actors who get thoroughly engrossed and lost in harvard school essays, this play, however when that happens, those who do so live the best moments of their artistic lives. Creative Writing Exercises. It is the harvard school essays same for a whole cast; The Cherry Orchard is one of the essay few plays in which an entire cast could in fact get so intensely lost as to cease to think that they are in a theatre, and believe on the contrary that this family truly exists and that they are in business, real life, and such an amazing metamorphosis occurs in the name of poetic truth. This play belongs neither to the naturalism of the start of the century nor to realism, it belongs to truth, and truth always has two faces, a real one and a poetic one–its look and its inner meaning, and creative graders, that is the foundation of poetic realism as in Shakespeare. The Cherry Orchard reminds of a nest of tables which stretch indefinitely one into the other; it starts from any known everyday subject, to move to the universal and the general; it is something like a Japanese flower which starts unfolding in a glass of water once the appropriate tablet has been thrown in; it is as well a kind of harvard business school essays allegory, which starting from everyday life rises to the metaphysical plane; it begins from individuals in their own universe and it rises to the general plane where individuals are seen under the angle of universality, and that is what makes it a great play. In the centre we have a woman full of charm, kind as well as unconscious to the point of amorality.
She symbolizes that type of human being which is weak, fervent, most attractive by the combination of virtue and weakness which makes the rbc black true hero. Harvard Business. Her heart in her hand, a sinner full of love, distributing her money freely, Liouba is the symbol of typed essay humanity, the eternal human being. Around her, there are three men who shape the three angles of a triangle and symbolize the three age-long social currents which never stop to battle against application one another. Gaiev exemplifies custom, ancient civilization and the old generation; he stands for rbc black month an age which has lost its vivacity, which is now fast fading away, and which one tries to business essays, hold back with all the homesickness of a good thing which has been lost and thus far remains worthy of love. At the top of the second angle, we discover Lopakine, the son of a moujik, the history month contest hard-working business man, proud of harvard his recently acquired strength, and as well somewhat feeling guilty of the imperfections which he still drags about him. He also loves and esteems the age which is just fading away and would like to save it, however social evolution is tempting and he finds himself more or less compelled to buy ‘The cherry orchard’, sign of an obsolete world; it is he who has the idea of exploiting it in a modern way, by dividing the property into plots of land for write an essay building new houses. He announces in predictive tones the first revolution which was to break out harvard business application a year later (we are in 1904). If Gaiev represents the past, Lopakine represents the present. So far nothing stands still, all things are destined to disappear, that is why Chekhov confronts Lopakine with one more character who is the third angle of the triangle, and write book, who is Trofimov, the eternal student. Trofimov has a kind of undeveloped visionary gift which allows him to tell Lopakine that the present occupiers of harvard business school his recently built houses will be their owners tomorrow; Trofimov, who is the potential revolutionary, announces the rubric for 3 paragraph essays 1917 revolution and the truth that every social revolution is followed by another. Business. We cannot help thinking regarding the proper typed essay permanent state of revolution of Trotsky.
These various social positions are examined and developed, with a control and a diplomacy which call forth the admiration of the most delicate sensibilities. The social aspect of The Cherry Orchard is dealt with by business school essays application, a fairy-like hand and consequently is all the more effective. Like the Chinese methods of acupuncture, the prick is small however the consequences are of enormous importance and go far beyond the ‘Russian case’. They have an rubric paragraph essays effect on every one of us, both in space and time; it is business school something that is applicable for all men at all times. If the prons and cons essay individuals who are studied turn out to be sociological cases, sociology then turns into a science which is of interest for the eternal individual. Trofimov elucidates how this kind of development occurs; he says: “If we wish to begin to live, we must first of all redeem our past and tear ourselves away from it; but one cannot do that without great suffering, and one cannot redeem anything without a frightful and obstinate effort.” This sentence is school clearly addressed to a whole generation, as well as to a whole society and as well to the religious notion of redemption; however it is also addressed to every individual throughout the ages and in its most general aspects. The human being, similar to societies and civilizations, comes to life, lives, dies and renews itself. Is it not said that every three weeks all the cells of our body are renewed, and that consequently every three weeks our being is something different from what it was formerly?
Chekhov deals with three types of human beings” Gaiev the one who is about to disappear, Lopakine the one who is typed due to business application, replace him in the present, as well as Trofimov the one who already prepares for the one who will replace Lopakine. They are the past, the present and the future. Though, attractive our past might be, however such we might cling to it, we have to become commendable to received the future, and so as to typed essay, be so; we have to harvard business school application, have the courage to tear ourselves away from our past; it is the essay price we have to pay for the right to live, it is the redemption and harvard school essays application, the ransom exacted by life; “good night, old life, good morning, new life”; and while the eyes may still be reddened by tears, a new smile starts to break. That’s life, and that is the lesson of The Cherry Orchard. Write My Favourite. That is the meaning of the three men who gravitate round Liouba Ranievsky, the moving sign of humanity on the march, on a plane far above any social plane. The Cherry Orchard is neither a pragmatic play nor a social play; Chekhov is harvard business essays application too great a man to tie himself to one single plane; it is the play of a great poet who, owing to the depth of his feeling, and an extraordinary vision, goes beyond the social, which is given the significance that it deserves, to the very sources of existence. (Daniel Meyer-Dinkgrafe, 2002) One more lesson which can be learnt from The Cherry Orchard is exercises for first that Chekhov illustrates us what a true artist is. We rather are inclined to shun that word on account of hypocritical modesty, however we nevertheless know that an essays application artist is a witness for his time and so he must try first and foremost to be the servant of write about my favourite book justice.
We cannot be follower and just simultaneously; a true artist can merely be partisan of justice and nothing else; he can merely be committed to business school, justice and to nothing else, and history, such was Chekhov’s love of justice that it is said that he was appreciated and admired by the two camps which existed in the Russia of his time. In The Cherry Orchard we love Gaiev and we love the good old days, however we as well love Lopakine and business, would hope to help him to purify himself and to proper essay, bring to business school application, him what he lacks and what at times gives him a sense of disgrace. At the same time we cannot although approve of the prons ideas of Trofimov; we regret his droopiness, and would ask him to be more sensible in his revolutionary plans. Chekhov’s art is an art dedicated to justice, consequently to great art, and The Cherry Orchard leaves behind it a great feeling of impartiality. Chekhov is an artist for the reason that he gives us a lesson of diplomacy, control and primarily of restraint. Harvard Business Essays. One cannot be a great artist without a strong sense of pudicity. The lack of pudicity can merely be excused on the ground of simplicity and and cons essay, candor; but certainly one must not confuse restraint and prudishness. Chekhov educates us the art of economy. One cannot take away anything from The Cherry Orchard; whatever could be left out has been, left out by the author.
One is harvard business reminded of rbc black history month contest Charlie Chaplin’s admirable remark regarding one of his films: “When a work seems finished, you shake it like a fruit tree so as to keep only the fruit which cling solidly to the branches.” “Never put anything in a play which is not absolutely necessary,” said Racine. With Chekhov the stage directions themselves are significant and must be examined with great care; in one of his letters he said: “One finds often in harvard school application, my plays the stage direction: “through tears”, but that is intended to show the state the characters are in and not the tears.” All his characters, like the majority of Shakespeares characters, are ambiguous; Lopakine the terrible is as well a shy, undecided and good man; Madame Ranievsky, the victim, has too a very fervent nature; Gaiev who represents tradition is lazy; Trofimov, the revolutionary, is a spineless, impetuous character. All Chekhov’s characters are multifaceted, they are not wooden, they are all extremely alive and with throbbing hearts. (Oscar Lee Brownstein, 1991) Furthermore at all events a rough count reveals in this play some 35 occasions on which characters indulge in creative for first graders, sobs or tears. Business. Some, certainly, of these tears may be simplistic and ridiculous. But by no means all. Creative Writing. It appears a lot of weeping for a pure ‘farce’. When Shakespeare speaks of harvard business school essays human foolishness making ‘the angels weep’, he adds “who with our spleens Would all themselves laugh mortal”. This hardly proposes that the angels are mistaken, and inferior to for 3, men, for the reason that they weep rather than laugh. “Life is a comedy to those that think, a tragedy to those that feel.” May it not be best both to harvard business essays, think and to prons essay, feel? Thus the Cherry Orchard rests on the heart –the heart which, a Trofimov says, holds 95 senses which go beyond the mind and beyond the 5 senses which have officially been put at our disposal. It is the heart which puts us in a state of harvard business tears when we look back upon our past and which as well pulses on graders, and consequently compels us to face the present and the future.
It is the heart which matters, for harvard essays it is creative superior to the head which merely produces ideas, or to the senses which merely produce greed; the harvard essays heart is above all revelation, vision as well as why not say the word-love, that is to say true knowledge, for as Claudel shrewdly said, to know is to be born with, or at the same time as, the thing that one knows. Paragraph. (Maria Shevtsova, 2004) At present, certainly, The Cherry Orchard has achieved a fuller appeal, a deeper importance, by seeming so touchingly prophetic. For in harvard business school essays, 1917 the whole Cherry Orchard of Tsarist Russia was felled in blood. Though unluckily the new owners proved far less human and humane than Lopakhin. The play was invigorated by Stanislavsky’s company almost on the eve of the Third Revolution in 1917, before a vast audience of rubric common folk. That night the actors wondered if they might be howled off the stage, or even physically attacked.
However, strangely enough, it proved one of their greatest achievements; as if even that rough populace in the auditorium felt the pensive, poetic charm of the old life now vanished for ever. After giving the play a marvelous ovation, they drifted out of the theatre–many of them to the barricades. Soon, through the darkness, rang the crack of essays application rifleshots. Once more, on the fortieth anniversary of its first performance, The Cherry Orchard was revived in 1944. Though forty years had passed, many of the original actors were still there. Yet again Chekhov’s widow, Olga Knipper, played Mme Ranevsky. What artistic continuity, amid the catastrophe of rbc black history essay contest war and revolution. The Cherry Orchard is said to have been the most popular play in Soviet Russia.
Daniel Meyer-Dinkgrafe, 2002. Who’s Who in Contemporary World Theatre; Routledge. Ed Menta, 1997. The Magic World behind the Curtain: Andrei Serban in the American Theatre; Peter Lang. L. Harvard Business Essays Application. Lucas, 1963. The Drama of Chekhov, Synge, Yeats, and Pirandello; Cassell.
Maria Shevtsova, 2004. Dodin and the Maly Drama Theatre: Process to Performance; Routledge. Oscar Lee Brownstein, 1991. Strategies of Drama: The Experience of Form; Greenwood Press. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order ”The Cherry Orchard” by Anton Chekhov.
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90 Jahre Poets, Essayists, Novelists: Geschichte und Zukunft. Business Application! 90 Jahre Poets, Essayists, Novelists: Geschichte und Zukunft. For First! Bild: mitue. Harvard Business Essays! Lizenz: Creative Commons BY-NC 2.0. Typed! Original: Flickr. Essays Application! Thomas Mann hat einst das Wort vom „Zwang zur Politik“ geprägt.
Als Catharine Amy Dawson Scott im Oktober 1921 unseren Club gründete, dachte sie hingegen, gerade diesem als Bedrückung empfundenen Zwang, der vom fanatischen Nationalismus ausging, entgehen zu können. Typed! Die Ausgliederung des politischen Stoffs und der politischen Kontroverse bestimmte mehr als ein Jahrzehnt lang die Zusammenkünfte der „poets, essayists und novellists“, die sich unter der Kürzel „P.E.N.“ zusammen-fanden. Durch den Akt einer Reinigung vom Chauvinismus sollten das literarische Gespräch und die völkerverbindende Kommunikation wieder möglich, die Bedeutung des Geistigen in business essays application der zerrissenen Gesellschaft rekonstruiert werden. Creative Writing! Mit dieser Setzung einer notwendig allgemein formulierten Bonhommie konnte die 1924 gegründete Gruppe eines deutschen P.E.N. in harvard business school der Weimarer Republik nicht besonders wirksam werden. Die scharfe, demokratiewidrige Zensur, gegen Links und Linksliberal geübt, eine überwiegend reaktionäre Justiz und eine ebenso gesonnene Verwaltung wurden durch ein solches Programm der Unpolitischen nicht gestört. Andere Schriftstellerorganisationen nahmen hierzulande den Kampfplatz ein: der Schutzverband deutscher Schriftsteller (SDS) unter seinen Vorsitzenden Alfred Döblin und Theodor Heuss beispielsweise oder die Gruppe 1925, die sich als Aktionsbündnis von linken und konservativen Schriftstellern verstand. Rbc Black History Month! Doch gehörten dem deutschen P.E.N. Business School Essays Application! am Ende der Weimarer Republik fast alle die kritischen Stimmen an, die sich früher, vor allem bei seinem Ersten Weltkongreß 1926 in rbc black essay contest Berlin, gegen ihn verwahrt hatten. Harvard Essays! Vorstand und Ausschuß des deutschen P.E.N. Rbc Black! traten am 7. Harvard School Essays Application! März 1933 zurück. Prons And Cons! Gleichschaltung unter den Nazis. Kommissarisch fungierte ein Quartett aus vier ziemlich unbedeutenden Schriftstellern als Vorstand. Essays Application! Die Namen muß man, nehmen wir Bergengruen mit einigen Vorbehalten aus, nicht kennen, sie sind zu unbedeutend.
Schon nach einem Monat wurde er ausnahmslos mit fanatischen Nazis besetzt und der P.E.N. damit gleichgeschaltet. Rbc Black History Contest! Ein Augenzeuge schrieb, es sei zugegangen „wie bei einem Reserveoffiziersehrenrat“, der eine habe in harvard school application Uniform „den Willen von Göring“ verkündet, ein anderer „den von Goebbels“. Creative! Aber auch dieser nationalsozialistische Klub sollte nur einige Monate bestehen. Seine moralische Niederlage erlitt er zwischen dem 20. und 24. Harvard Business Essays! Mai 1933 auf der internationalen P.E.N.-Tagung im jugoslawischen Ragusa, dem heutigen kroatischen Dubrovnik, rund zehn Tage nach den Bücherverbrennungen, als die Delegierten aus dem Reich gefragt wurden, wie sie es mit der P.E.N.-Charta hielten, warum die namhaf-testen Schriftsteller vertrieben wurden und Alfred Kerr als Präsident zum Rücktritt gezwungen worden war. Essay! H.G. School Application! Wells, der internationale Präsident, wäre bereit gewesen, diese sogenannten „politischen Punkte“ auszusetzen, um einen Austritt des deutschen Klubs vorläufig zu vermeiden. History Contest! Inzwischen aber war Ernst Toller in harvard business application Ragusa eingetroffen und seine bevorstehende Rede stand wie ein Menetekel über der Kungelei hinter den Kulissen. Die reichsdeutsche Delegation verließ den Saal und ward nicht mehr gesehen. Exercises For First Graders! Ernst Toller erzwang damals fast im Alleingang die Trennung. Harvard Business School! Hätte es ihn und einige andere Exilschriftsteller nicht gegeben, wären die Nazis wohl noch längere Zeit im P.E.N. And Cons! geblieben – wie etwa die Italiener mit ihrem faschistischen Filippo Marinetti.
Toller formulierte die nunmehr prägende Dialektik, dass die Schriftsteller, die sich von der Politik fernhalten wollten, eben doch politisch handelten, nämlich das falsche Lager unterstützten. Business Application! Seit dem 15. My Favourite! Januar 1934 gab es den deutschen Club nicht mehr, denn an harvard business essays diesem Tag wurde eine „Union Nationaler Schriftsteller mit Hanns Johst an rubric paragraph der Spitze und unter anderen mit Gottfried Benn als Mitglied des Gründungsausschusses einberufen, aber die einzige Organisation, die im Nazideutschland etwas zu sagen hatte, war die Reichsschrifttumskammer. Harvard Business School Application! Kurz nach der Auflösung des Naziklubs betrieben einige wenige Exilautoren die Neugründung eines deutschen P:E:N: Lion Feuchtwanger, Ernst Toller, Max Herrmann Neisse warben um Mitglieder, das organisatorische Zentrum bildete der Publizist Rudolf Olden, der übrigens erst im vergangenen Jahr, sehr spät, durch eine Ausstellung in der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek in for 3 Frankfurt am Main geehrt worden ist. Heinrich Mann übernahm die Präsidentschaft dieses „Deutschen P.E.N.Clubs im Exil.“ Dieser Organisation vor allem ist es zu verdanken, dass die Politik der Menschenrechte zum bevorzugten Ziel im Internationalen P.E.N. Essays! wurde. Rbc Black Contest! Sind wir die Erben dieser deutschen Schriftstellergruppe und ihres moralischen wie literarischen Ruhms? Ich zögere mit einer Antwort: keiner von uns wäre diesem Erbe gewachsen – aus mehreren Gründen. Wer könnte im Ernst behaupten, er sei in business die Spur beispielsweise von Georg Bernhard, Ernst Bloch, Bernard von Brentano, Alfred Döblin, Lion Feuchtwanger, Bruno Frank, Ödön von Horvath, Alfred Kerr, Hermann Kesten, Egon Erwin Kisch, , Leopold Schwarzschild, Anna Seghers, Ernst Toller, Theodor Wolff oder Arnold Zweig getreten? Und niemand kann behaupten, er habe in rubric paragraph Europa mit dem gleichen Hass und Auslöschungstrieb, mit einem ähnlichen Antisemitismus und Mörderinstinkt zu rechnen wie die Emigranten durch die Nationalsozialisten. Business Essays Application! Aber wir haben von diesen Autoren, die sich als die Kronzeugen eines anderen Deutschland verstehen durften, als Erbschaft vielleicht einige Aufträge erhalten.
Die Geschichte der deutschen Exilliteratur ist weitgehend erforscht. About Book! Die Manuskriptschätze, soweit noch vorhanden, sind gesichert und durchgearbeitet, auch wenn an application Forschung vor allem in proper typed essay New York und Jerusalem noch einiges zu tun wäre. Aber dank zweier Generationen von Literaturwissenschaftlern in business beiden deutschen Staaten und in rubric for 3 den USA ist ein Fundus erarbeitet. Harvard Business School Essays! Es kommt nun darauf an, ihn für eine kritische Gegen-wartskunde zu mustern. Write My Favourite! Die Aufgabe heißt, dieses Erbe vergilbender Archivalien in harvard application seiner Signifikanz zu vergegenwärtigen und an and cons den akuten Gegebenheiten zu messen. Harvard Essays! Unzählige Menschen in history month contest allen Teilen dieser Erde, nach einer Uno-Schätzung 120 Millionen, sind heute auf der Flucht.
Das Heer der Entrechteten und Entwurzelten, der Menschen, die wegen ihrer Sprache, ihrer Überzeugung, ihrer Hautfarbe, ihrer Religion, ihrer kulturellen Zugehörigkeit oder schlicht: wegen ihrer Armut vertrieben werden oder außer Landes gehen müssen, nimmt ständig zu. Daraus entstehen nicht nur soziale Katastrophen, sondern auch neue Umrisse von Weltliteratur. School Essays Application! Sie wird verfasst von Leuten, die sich wie selbstverständlich am falschen Ort empfinden. Rubric Paragraph Essays! Sie sind Experten der Zeitsprünge, der Untergänge von Lebenswelten. Essays! Sie machen ihre Erfahrungen durch Grenzübertritt und Flucht, sie entkräften das Doktrinäre, das dem Wort „Heimat“ auch anhaften kann. Sie schreiben einen Fortsetzungsroman über jene Dynamik, die viele vom angestammten Platz verweist, auch wenn wir uns noch so sehr nach einem Moratorium sehnen mögen. Uc Berkeley! Türkische Immigranten und russischdeutsche Emigranten, Menschen aus dem Maghreb und aus Schwarzafrika, Flüchtlinge aus dem Balkan schreiben sie unter anderem.
In England und Frankreich sind die Territorien der ehemaligen Kolonialgebiete einzurechnen. Harvard School Application! Der emigrierte Schriftsteller erscheint vielfach als translated man, als Bote und Fährmann zwischen verschiedenen Kulturen, aber auch als Transitexistenz, die von diesen Kulturen „übersetzt“, überlagert worden ist. Prons And Cons! Der Nobelpreisträger V.S. Harvard Business Essays! Naipaul wäre, wenn es so etwas gäbe, vielleicht ihr Sprecher: geboren auf Trinidad, indische Vorfahren, Studium in creative Oxford, britischer Romancier, Erkunder aller Fremden seiner verschlungenen Lebenswege. Seismographen globalisierter Notlagen. Harvard Business School! Diese Literatur lässt sich nur noch notdürftig als Emigrationsliteratur bezeichnen, denn sie wird oft von Menschen geschrieben, die in writing for first dem Land, in business application dem ihre Vorfahren angekommen sind, geboren wurden und aufgewachsen sind. Im Grunde fehlt für diese Literatur die Terminologie. Uc Berkeley Creative! Aber an harvard school application ihr sind noch immer jene Verfremdungen der Existenz zu ermitteln, die deutsche Exilanten erfahren haben. Creative Writing Graders! Zu diesen Seismographen heutiger globalisierter Notlagen könnten wir die deutschen Exilschriftsteller rechnen, nachdem wir sie seit den sechziger Jahren in harvard ihrem historischen Kontext aufgesucht haben. Month Contest! Die zukünftige Aufgabe besteht darin, ihr Werk mit dem heute entstehenden zu verknüpfen, die Arbeit der Historiker zu aktualisieren. Business Application! Es ist literarisch eine „neue Unübersichtlichkeit“ entstanden und sie ist ein enormer Zugewinn.
Niemand darf von ihr die nächste Nähe zu unserer Vorliebe erwarten, mit sich identisch zu sein. Sie bildet einen Raum des Nichtidentischen. And Cons! Jeder will ja heute mit sich, seiner Psyche, seiner Volksgruppe, seiner Vorstadt, seinem ethnischen Stammtisch und wem nicht alles sonst identisch sein. Harvard Business School Essays! Die Herausbildung transnationaler Strukturen in creative Wirtschaft, Politik und Verwaltung erzeugt den Gegenschlag: die Befriedigung der Sehnsucht nach Identität in irgendeinem fest bestimmten und gereinigten Raum, genannt „das Nationale“. Das Eigentümliche daran ist: man kann diesen Raum beliebig verkleinern bis zur Quartiergröße des ethnischen Fanatismus: Kosovo und Montenegro sind solche Beispiele, das Baskenland wäre ein solches, wenn man es den Euskaladunak-Fanatikern überließe. Harvard Business School Essays Application! Identität verspreche Hochmut, warnt der ungarische Großeuropäer György Konrád. Typed! Dagegen die neue Art von Weltliteratur: Wir müssen als Leser einen Kursus in harvard school essays application fremden Tonlagen absolvieren. Month Contest! Wir erfahren, dass eine reichhaltigere Musik als das Volkslied besteht.
Wir lernen, dass die Fremde als Desaster erfahren wird, aber auch ein Reichtum sein kann. Application! Gemeinsam ist diesen Autoren, die ich als Beiträger einer neuen Weltliteratur verstehe, die Körpernähe von Geschichte. Creative Writing! Die Erfahrungen der Naziherrschaft und des Stalinismus werden einander konfrontiert, die lange Nacht des Exils ist vielen dieser Autoren bekannt und geht mit ihnen oft nicht zu Ende, das Gedächtnis gilt ihnen als eine der letzten verbliebenen moralischen Instanzen. Daraus entsteht ein neuer, übergreifender Text, in harvard dem unser so schwer anzunehmendes Erbe aufleuchten könnte. History Month Essay Contest! Ich meine es praktisch: Dafür soll es weiterhin die Arbeitsstellen für deutsche Exilliteratur geben. Harvard Business School Essays! Es ist eine Aufgabe der Bildungspolitik, auch unserer Herzen, das Fremde und die Fremden anzunehmen, dass wir das Schicksalsmäander unserer vertriebenen Vorfahren nachzeichnen. Creative Exercises Graders! Vieles aus der Vergangenheit wird zum Prüfstein für das Jetzt. Harvard Business School Essays! Ein Beispiel: Der amerikanische Präsident Roosevelt führte 1940 einen intensiven, aber wenig erfolgreichen Kampf um Visen für die europäischen Flüchtlinge – und zwar gegen sein eigenes Außenministerium.
Anfang 1940 hat er als Beratergremium einen Ausschuß für Flüchtlingsfragen gründen lassen. Contest! Der empfahl nach einigen Monaten 567 Schriftsteller, Künstler und Intellektuelle zur Aufnahme in business school application die USA, doch willigte das State Department bis Oktober 1940 erst in proper typed 40 Visa ein. Der spätere Kommunistenjäger Martin Dies, ein Großmogul der Xenophobie, erklärte unverblümt: „Wir müssen die Tränen, das Schluchzen der Sentimentalen ignorieren und die Tore unseres Landes für alle Zeiten verriegeln und verschließen gegenüber einer neuen Einwanderungswelle, und wenn wir das getan haben, sollten wir die Schlüssel fortwerfen.“ Wie weit weg sind solche Zitate von mancher Auffassung gegenüber heutigen Asylbewerbern? Jeder sollte sich das fragen. Die Geschichte ist das Spiegelkabinett unserer Gegenwart. School Essays! Ein großer Anfang ist gemacht. Writing Exercises For First Graders! Der deutsche P.E.N. Harvard Essays Application! verfügt seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt über ein ordentlich ausgestattetes Programm zur Aufnahme von Exilautoren im heutigen Deutschland. Dafür haben wir allen Staatsministern für Kultur zu danken, aber besonders Ihnen, Herr Neumann: Sie haben es ausgebaut. For First Graders! Es ist eine oft mühsame, jedenfalls schwierige, mit gegenseitigen Missverständnissen behaftete Arbeit, die um die immer gleichen Stichworte wie Unterkunft, Stipendium, Traumata, Familie, Kommunikation und Publikationshilfe kreist. Business! Jeder Fall ist anders, aber wenn die Lösung auf einige Jahre der Eingewöhnung und des Übergangs gelingt, leuchtet eben dieser Einzelfall in seiner Beispielskraft auf. Uc Berkeley Creative! Bei der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek in school application Frankfurt wird erwogen, die Bestände des Exilarchivs mit Erfahrungen von Flucht, Exil und Vertreibung von Autoren und Künstlern in rbc black history month essay anderen Ländern zu verknüpfen.
Dies erfordert neben viel Sachverstand auch neue, zusätzliche Mittel, wenn es nicht bei der Absicht bleiben soll. Die Gesellschaft für Exilliteratur, ein jahrzehntelang sehr erfolgreich arbeitender Verein vor allem von amerikanischen und deutschen Wissenschaftlern, bedarf neuer, auch materieller Impulse. Harvard! Wenn das geplante Vertreibungszentrum in creative writing Berlin nicht nur ein deutsches werden, sondern ein europäisches Format haben soll, muss in harvard school essays application ihm mindestens jüdische, polnische, ukrainische, weißrussische Geschichte der Überwältigungen, Fluchten, Rettungen und Untergänge auch versammelt werden. Essay! Die Gestaltung dieses Zentrums darf nicht den Vertriebenenverbänden überlassen werden. An all diesen und vielen anderen Punkten berühren sich historische Erfahrungen und Arbeitspraxis im P.E.N., die in der Ausstellung von Sven Hanuschek auftauchen, mit gegenwärtigen Problemen. Business Essays Application! Wir entkommen unseren Vorfahren nicht. Rubric For 3 Paragraph! Vielleicht sind wir doch Erben, die mit der Hinterlassenschaft der Probleme immer etwas mehr und immer wieder etwas Neues zu leisten haben. Harvard Essays Application! Heinrich-Boll-Stiftungen in creative Bundeslandern.
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Sample Harvard Business School Application Essay
Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Business Essays. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside of the uterus is rbc black month found outside of its normal location. The only way to be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy. There is no cure for endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, “end–o–me–tree–o–sis” can affect girls of all ages. It is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the harvard essays application, uterus is proper essay found outside of school essays application, its normal location. Exercises. Endometrial implants can be found on harvard business essays application, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum. Write About. The most common locations of endometrial implants in teens are in the cul–de–sac area (behind the uterus), and near the bladder. What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. Harvard School Application. There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at regular times in your cycle or it may occur at any time during the month. It is often referred to uc berkeley creative as “chronic” pelvic pain. The location of the endometrial implants and application, the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms teens may have. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam. Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. It’s important to remember that some teens have a lot of endometriosis and rubric for 3 essays, have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the fact is we do not know the cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are:
Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the business application, uterus. Proper Essay. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the business school application, endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to be 100% sure of this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. There is no blood test, x–ray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at this time.
A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to typed essay check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure it’s not something else). Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is not found and business school essays application, treated, it can grow and writing, damage the fallopian tubes and school essays application, ovaries. This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Studies done at Boston Children’s Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and treated early, it does not tend to get worse over time. Is there a cure for endometriosis? While there is no cure for endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and medicine to creative writing exercises for first keep the business, endometriosis from getting worse and harming your future fertility. It is very helpful to use a Pain and Symptom Tracker to record your pain for a while. Another method to creative writing locate and business school essays, describe your pain is “Pain Mapping”. Make a copy of your Pain and essay, Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and bring them with you to your appointments.
These tools will help you explain your pain to your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the school essays application, pain is) Duration (how long the write book, pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of 1–10, how “bad” the pain is) What kinds of treatment are available? Once a diagnosis of endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into business, the following categories. Observation: After an evaluation and history month contest, before beginning hormonal therapy, you and your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to harvard business essays application keep track of your symptoms and try mild pain medicine. Rbc Black History Month Essay. This is usually the first step for girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to business essays application have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in many patients.
A second treatment is progesterone medicine alone. This comes as a progestin–only birth control pill in prons essay, a pill pack (Nor–QD® or Camilla®) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®). The dose of Aygestin® can be adjusted for essays your body to stop your pain and bleeding. Another type of medication is a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (Lupron–Depot®). Rubric For 3 Paragraph. This medicine works by application shutting off hormones made by uc berkeley writing the ovaries and temporarily stops your period. The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your body’s estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods).
Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of laparoscopy. After this procedure, many teens find relief from symptoms. Application. Most say that their pain is better, but not completely gone. Remember, there is no cure for essay endometriosis. Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. School. Exercising often helps to relieve or lessen pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and and cons, meditation help to ease pain too. Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for an evaluation. Following an business essays, evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and exercise programs may be offered.
Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and paragraph, healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to medical treatment. Many of harvard business school, these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to be safe and effective. Research studies are limited. Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. For 3. Medical studies have found this disease in teenagers and young children. Harvard Application. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. Creative Writing Exercises For First. If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team.
Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races. Business. Endometriosis is and cons NOT an STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. If your pain makes you feel at all disadvantaged compared to business essays other young women or men, this is not normal.
Don’t “normalize” your symptoms. If you don’t feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to for 3 paragraph essays seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. School Essays Application. Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is important. Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from history month essay 1–10 that describes the degree of harvard essays application, pain, and creative graders, where it is located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and you do not have periods, you can use the business, chart to track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to check out the Sample Pain and Symptom Tracker and carefully read the keys at the bottom before you start filling out your own tracker. Make a few copies of and cons, My Pain and harvard school, Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the month at the top of the page and begin tracking your pain and symptoms.
To fill in the bleeding “Amount” row, look at the Blood Flow Amount Key at the bottom of the page to figure out which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow. Figure out which letter best describes the location of your pain (M, L, or R) by writing taking a look at school, the “Pelvic Pain Location Key” at prons essay, the bottom of the page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain “Location/Intensity” row. Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the business school essays application, worst pain you have ever had) by looking at creative for first, the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at the bottom of the business essays application, page. Write that number down in the same row. Example = M/5. If you don’t have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on any given day, just leave the box empty. Remember to bring your Pain and Symptom Tracker with you to history month essay your GYN appointments.
Sometimes it’s hard to business application describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you “map your pain”. Rubric. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is a unique way to show your medical team the location of your pain. Business School Application. Simply color in for 3 paragraph essays, the area where you have pain. Harvard Business School Application. You can create your own “key” using different colors. For example; you may use the color red to essay show the location of business school essays, severe pain, while you may choose the color orange to indicate moderate pain—it’s up to you, you’re the artist.
We’ve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to show you an example of how to rubric for 3 essays map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Harvard School. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to rubric for 3 paragraph essays think of your pain in two ways: the business, physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and less often, bowel and bladder problems.
How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to unexpected bouts of physical pain, not being able to participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and anxiety over school work because of write, absences. Also, your pain can take a toll on those who care about you, such as significant others and business, family members. Rubric Paragraph. This can cause added tension and stress. For all of these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to identify your physical symptoms and school essays, how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the stress in proper typed, your life is business essays important under any circumstances but it is essential when you are living with chronic pain. Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and typed essay, the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of harvard, ways to manage the stress of chronic pain: Exercise Sleep 8–9 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in person, by phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you don’t feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and when not to essay Keep to routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected “flair–ups” of pain Talk to a counselor. It is also helpful to essays have your own personalized list of things to do when you have a pain flare–up.
Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to rbc black month music. Managing your pelvic pain at school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and grades sometime suffer due to absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps you’ve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to poor school attendance and performance issues. Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and school nurse are not aware of the pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to help you manage the business essays application, realities of being a student with chronic pelvic pain.
Notice that all of the tips depend on typed essay, BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold. Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe. Use “My Pain Symptom Tracker” to track your pelvic pain and business essays application, any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about what you can tolerate in school and an essay about my favourite, what you cannot manage. This is best done at a pain–free time when you are calm and are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what it’s like to business school have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Identify an adult contact person at school.
For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to be your “point person” who you can go to for support. Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and who can help and be supportive while you are at proper typed, school. Share information about endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and friends. Those around you are likely to be more understanding and supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and harvard application, how it impacts your life. Prons Essay. Make a plan for pain at school. Business School Essays. Talk with your school nurse and find out if there is essay a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Listening to relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically e–mail you the homework assignment if you miss class. Give yourself enough time in the morning to get ready for school.
You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to get ready, especially if you are having pain. Harvard School. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from creative writing school or that the harvard business school application, day is “lost to typed essay pain”. Try to go to school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and you are distracted. Harvard Business. If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious meals and writing, healthy snacks and get at least 8–9 hours of sleep every night. Essays. Do some kind of rubric for 3, physical activity that you enjoy, for about 60 minutes every day. Harvard Business Essays. Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to month fall behind in your schoolwork.
If you need extra help in a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. If you have to be absent from school for more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. Keep in business essays, touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to prons essay at least one of your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, e–mail, or on a social networking site. You will feel less isolated and school essays, it will be easier when you return to history month essay school. Be proactive. Use the worksheet to make a list of things you can do to personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and then make a list of the things you will try to do to harvard application improve the way you manage your pain at school. Be sure to include strategies that have worked. Managing activities, friendships, and chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a person’s life, even those areas that are typically fun and enjoyable. Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in the way of being able to uc berkeley do things with your friends both on a daily basis and for harvard special events.
You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and discouraged when your pain makes you pass on for 3 paragraph, invitations or when you avoid activities. You may even worry about canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a “good friend”. One helpful technique is to anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in social situations. Business School Essays Application. Here are some thoughts and advice from creative writing for first girls with endometriosis who try to harvard business school essays application rule the pain, not let the pain rule their lives: Be in touch with at least one person outside of your family every day.
Organize activities that can be held at uc berkeley creative writing, your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, board–game marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to application be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is a real medical condition. Educate them with information about proper typed, endometriosis. Is there an activity you really want to do but are scared about fulfilling the requirements or keeping the commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in many roles. Explore the options with the school, group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in a way that you can handle. Plan ahead: Do you have an event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to write my favourite your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain. If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in an activity as planned, try to take it in stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and business, take care of yourself.
Your friends, family, and others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an rubric essays, explanation. Make a list of things that you love to do, and try to do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for harvard business pain management: Some young women are helped by rbc black essay surgery, some by medication, and some with a combination of both. Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of business essays application, poses and gentle stretches. There are many different kinds of creative writing exercises graders, yoga. Application. You can explore yoga classes at creative, your YMCA, health center and yoga studios. Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes. Business School. There are also many good DVD’s that teach yoga; borrow one from your local library. Acupuncture is an Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the insertion of very fine needles into “acupuncture points” in the body.
This is thought to stimulate the. body’s nervous system to rubric for 3 essays release certain chemicals in the muscles, spinal cord, and brain, which in turn release other chemicals and business essays, hormones in the body that. may help to improve pain and other discomforts. Acupuncture may be covered by your health insurance. Massage is another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. There are several kinds of massage therapies available. Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat. Endometriosis: Nutrition and Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 20 January 2017.
Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if you’re not eating foods from all of the food groups. Rubric For 3 Paragraph. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms. If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is anything you can do to feel better besides taking medication. Healthy nutrition and exercise play an important role in maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for girls with endometriosis? We know that some foods can boost our immune system and harvard business application, protect our bodies from history essay contest some illnesses and diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to figure out if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms.
Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of harvard essays, red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by proper typed essay reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in the body. Even if eating nutritious food doesn’t necessarily make your “endo” symptoms better, there are lots of other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plant–based foods, choosing low–fat dairy products, and harvard essays, selecting lean meats Eat more sources of omega–3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plant–based protein, lean meats, and healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and writing, other nutrients you need to keep your immune system and body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of harvard school essays, fruits and vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and whole grains, you are probably getting enough of most vitamins and minerals through the prons and cons, food you eat. If you aren’t getting in all of your food groups on a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of nutrients that your body needs. Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement.
Some endometriosis medications work by lowering estrogen levels. If you are on an estrogen–lowering medication for harvard school more than 6 months, you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about rbc black history essay, other vitamins and herbs? You may see ads or stories on harvard, the internet, in magazines, and even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and herbs help to write about book treat endometriosis. School Application. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. Creative For First Graders. It is important to remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plant–estrogen. It is always best to harvard application talk with your health care provider first before taking any over–the–counter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on uc berkeley writing, food labels?
It’s always important to pay attention to harvard business school application food labels when grocery shopping. The Nutrition Facts Label is on most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms. Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy.
It’s a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out whether it’s okay to about my favourite participate in very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and the right about and harvard business essays application, type of rubric for 3 paragraph essays, exercise that’s best for you. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and business essays application, jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions. Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. When we exercise, our brain releases “feel good” chemicals called endorphins. These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to paragraph essays lower pain. Harvard Business School Essays Application. It only writing takes about ten minutes of moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for your body to start making these chemicals. Exercise improves circulation. Harvard Business School. Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the blood flow to our organs.
This is important because our blood carries oxygen and rbc black history, nutrients to important body systems. Regular exercise lowers the amount of estrogen in the body. Since the business school essays application, goal of uc berkeley writing, endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Harvard Business Application. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for month essay college is a time filled with challenges and school essays application, excitement. College life opens the door to personal growth and independence. It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for and cons essay the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and harvard, set up a home away from home.
There are many things to consider when planning for college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis. We hope that the following information will answer your questions and offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes. It is important to know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. Uc Berkeley Creative. For example, some insurance policies will only harvard business application provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a full–time student. Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the insurance company yourself. You should check with the admissions department at your college if you need to an essay about buy an harvard business essays, additional “student insurance policy” while you are a student there. If you aren’t covered by your parents’ insurance while at write an essay my favourite, college, make sure you sign up for a special “student insurance policy”. How long can I expect to have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered?
Do I need to be a full time student to business school application receive or “get” full coverage?) Does the policy cover out–of–state emergency services? Does the policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of typed, time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for certain services? How much is my co–pay for general medical, specialty, and urgent care appointments? What do I need to harvard essays know about the health services at college? You will need to find out: When the Health Center is open What kind of essay, services are provided Who you can talk to if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is a health care provider at the Health Center that has experience in caring for harvard business school application young women with endometriosis. Write My Favourite Book. (If so, get the harvard business school essays application, name and number before you need it.) You should know the location of the closest hospital to your college in the event of an emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Find out what kind of services are offered, and if students are transferred to another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for writing college? Make an appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for college.
Talk with your gynecologist about your concerns, your symptoms, and what helps to relieve your pain. Application. Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and comfort. Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to last until you return to your doctor for proper typed essay a follow–up visit. Harvard Business School. Schedule follow–up visits with your gynecologist ahead of time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Ask for a copy of recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for endometriosis) from the history essay contest, hospital where you were treated. School Essays. Put them in a notebook and bring it with you to college with your important papers and/or ask the history month, Health Center at school to keep a copy on school essays application, file. Month. You will need to harvard business school essays request a copy of your medical records from the “Medical Records” department at an essay my favourite book, the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in person, or you may be able to send or fax a letter. Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to a college that is harvard essays application far away from rubric paragraph home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is harvard business school application best for typed you. It is a good idea to schedule an appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship.
You can help the communication among all doctors involved in your care by providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and harvard school application, a brief description of month essay contest, their roles in your health care. Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and e–mail contact information, if appropriate. Provide them with copies of any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of business school essays, medications you are taking, and uc berkeley, any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the effect of endometriosis on my life? Some young women find that talking to their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at harvard school essays application, first about approaching your professors. However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to them early on in the semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning. If you have difficulty with your courses because of writing, pain from endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. The longer you wait, the more overwhelmed you may become. You don’t have to harvard essays application give specific information unless you want to.
You can simply explain that you have a “chronic disease with chronic pain.” Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to have 1–2 designated people in your college Health Center as your “liaisons”– a person to essay whom you can go to when you need medical assistance and another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to application deal with my college workload? Learning to use the course syllabus to proper typed essay your advantage can be helpful in dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of you for each class, and allows you to harvard plan your course work accordingly. An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you won’t fall behind if you become ill. Taping lectures and then taking notes later from the recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. You will need to make time for listening to taped lectures sometime after class. If you can’t make it to class, ask a friend to for 3 paragraph essays tape the harvard business essays, lecture for you.
Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of services to help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to see if your school has services for chronically ill students. They may be able to an essay my favourite book offer help with note taking, extensions on tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs. Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. There is no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is untreated it will grow, causing pain and lowering your chances of harvard business school essays application, being able to become pregnant in the future.
This is why you need to take medication. Treatment is rbc black month aimed at business school, controlling pain and preventing the endometriosis from getting worse. This guide was created to help you understand the different choices of hormonal treatment for endometriosis, as well as the proper, benefits and business essays application, possible side effects that are most commonly reported. How do I know if hormone treatment is right for me? Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of uc berkeley creative, heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over parts of your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an option for you. Be sure to school essays application tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of uc berkeley, vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech.
Also, it is very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by temporarily turning off your ovaries so you don’t ovulate (make eggs). School Essays Application. When you don’t ovulate, you don’t have regular periods. When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Since periods can cause pain for anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain. Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an injection (once every 3 months), an IUD (which is placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s): contain the for 3 paragraph essays, hormones estrogen and progesterone. The goal of the treatment is to stop your periods and pain caused from school endo.
Teens with endometriosis will take OCP’s in a continuous fashion. The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the prons essay, vagina. Once in place it releases a combination of estrogen and progestin (hormones). Business Application. If you choose this method of prons, hormonal treatment for your endo, you would insert the ring and leave it in place for 3 weeks. You would then take it out and replace it with a new one right away. (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the harvard business essays, ring when it is write an essay inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and school application, progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only have 0–4 periods a year. Essay. Some young women prefer using the essays, vaginal ring or patch because they don’t need to essay remember to take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for harvard school application a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it.
Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period. Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. Creative Writing Exercises. There is essays application some concern that the patch may release a higher dose of hormones than the pill, which can increase the risk of blood clots and/or stroke. Some girls who use the hormone patch may have skin irritation where the patch is worn. Some girls who use the vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. Writing Exercises. Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment:
Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin® (Norethindrone acetate) is a pill that contains only harvard business essays progesterone. It is a type of hormone medicine that is often prescribed for patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is about my favourite book 5–10mg per day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depo–Provera®): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is another type of harvard business school essays, medication that only creative writing contains the hormone progesterone. It is an injection that is given once every 3 months by a nurse or your primary health care provider. Harvard. Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena® : is a type of intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. The IUD is most often prescribed with combination OCP’s (oral contraceptive pills) to reduce the size of graders, lesions caused from endometriosis and lessen the amount of essays, bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon® come in the shape of history contest, a tiny tube that is placed under the skin in the upper arm.
The implant prevents pregnancy and application, reduces the size of lesions caused from endometriosis. It is effective for 3 years. The implant is about the size of a toothpick and made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesterone–only hormone therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of an essay about, endometriosis. The Mirena® IUD lasts up to 5 years. The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and pain from endo.
The Nexplanon® Implant lasts for 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken for a long time Some girls may not have relief from business school application their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and typed, Add–Back: The combination of business school application, GnRH agonists and hormonal add–back therapy is usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in uc berkeley creative writing, relieving endo pain. The goal of GnRH agonists and add–back therapy is to harvard business school stop the rubric for 3 paragraph essays, endometriosis from harvard application growing and rbc black history essay, lower the side effects of GnRH therapy alone.
Add–back therapy can be a small amount of business essays application, progesterone, or a combination of estrogen and progesterone. GnRH agonists work by temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from making estrogen and rubric, progesterone (so you won’t have a period). Since all of the GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the possible side effects for all of the medicines in this group are the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the harvard school essays application, add–back therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (Lupron–Depot®): Leuprolide acetate is one type of GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the muscle) injection (shot).
It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Our GYN team prefers that you get the injection once every 3 months so you don’t have to come in for appointments every month. Please make sure that the shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box). Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel®) is another type of GnRH agonist that comes in the form of an essay my favourite, a nasal spray. Harvard Business Essays. The recommended dose is one puff in about my favourite book, one nostril in the morning, then another puff in the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of estrogen cause your period to harvard business essays application stop and endometriosis from growing. Low levels of estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is rubric essays preserved. Bone density loss and harvard business, higher risk of exercises for first, osteoporosis (thinning of business school, your bones) when taken without add–back therapy. Uc Berkeley. Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and joint aches, hair loss, lack of interest in sex, and possible short–term memory loss. In many cases, teens and harvard essays application, women may be able to stay on this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is checked and is normal. Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain.
Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for proper typed essay treating endometriosis. Hormonal treatment doesn’t “cure” endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by stopping your periods and preventing endometriosis from getting worse.
Hormonal treatment, also known as “oral contraceptives” or “birth control pills” are used for many reasons other than to harvard essays prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. There is also another type of rubric paragraph essays, pill that contains only one hormone (progestin), and is called either the “progestin–only pill”, or the “mini–pill”. Are there different kinds of hormonal pills? Yes.
There are many different hormonal pills that come in a lot of different packages. The shapes and colors of the packages may be different but there are just two categories of pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in school essays application, them), and write an essay about my favourite, progestin–only pills that contain just progesterone. Hormonal pills come in a 21–day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28–day pill pack. The most common pill packs are the 21–day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28–day pack contains 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of harvard business essays application, inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in your family has a history of blood clots. In addition, you won’t be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches. There are different doses of history month essay contest, hormones in essays application, different hormonal pills.
Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestin–only pill if there is a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes. Are there other medical benefits of taking hormonal pills? Yes. Prons And Cons Essay. If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably won’t have a period. Harvard School Application. Hormonal pills also lower your chance of getting endometrial (lining of the rubric paragraph, uterus) cancer and ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from osteoporosis. Business Essays. Hormonal treatment may also improve acne.
What is the prons and cons, difference between “active” and “inactive” hormonal pills? Active pills contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is in application, the shape of rubric for 3, a rectangle, the business essays, pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). The active pills are in the first 3 rows of your pill pack. Prons Essay. The inactive pills are in harvard application, the last row of the creative, 28–day pill pack and DO NOT contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is round, the business school, pills will be in a circle. The active pills are the proper, first 21 pills and the last 7 pills are the harvard, inactive ones, and are usually a different color. If you are using a 21–day pill pack, all the pills are active. When you are on continuous hormonal treatment for prons essay endometriosis, you will take an “active pill” every day in a continuous pattern. What does “cyclic” use and “continuous” use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the pills in the 28–day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the next pack.
This method results in periods and is not routinely used for the treatment of endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break. If you are using the 28–day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and then start your next pill pack. You will not take the last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the 21–day pill pack, finish the entire pack (3 rows) and harvard business school essays, then start your next pill pack the next day. Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Having up to four periods a year is considered normal on rbc black month contest, this method. What are the side effects of harvard business essays, hormonal pills? Most women and and cons, teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects.
Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently. Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is business application not serious. This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. You should call the GYN team if the bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days. Write My Favourite. It is very important that you take your hormone pills at exactly the same time to keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at business school, times, but this may go away if you take the Pill with a meal or a snack. If the nausea doesn’t go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Prons And Cons. Although headaches usually happen because of stress or other reasons, be sure to let your GYN team know if the headaches are severe or if they continue.
Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Exercise and harvard business school application, a healthy diet may help, but if they don’t, you may need to change the type of prons and cons, pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from a particular pill. Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the same when they are taking the hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated.
Most often, side effects go away within the first 3 to 4 months of taking the business application, hormonal pill. And Cons. If the side effects are severe or if they don’t go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to harvard business a different hormonal pill or talk to you about rbc black month essay contest, other types of hormonal treatments for your endometriosis. Are there serious side effects I should watch out for business school essays while taking the typed, hormonal pill? Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. Harvard Business School Essays. However, if you have any of the creative for first graders, following problems, go to the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the female hormones estrogen and harvard business essays application, progesterone) every day without a break.
This will help keep the lining of your uterus very thin. You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and you will not have a regular monthly period. You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to this new medicine, especially in the first six months. To take the oral contraceptive pill, follow the instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. You will be told to start taking the oral contraceptive pill on an essay my favourite, a Sunday, on the first day of your menstrual period, or on the day of your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at the same time each day until you finish the pack. The best time is harvard business school essays ? an hour after a full meal. Rubric For 3 Paragraph. You may feel mildly nauseous during the first month, but this usually goes away.
After completing a 21–day pack, you should immediately start a new package of pills the next day. Do I need to take the hormonal pills at the same time every day? Yes. Take the hormonal pill at exactly the same time (or close to harvard school essays the same time) everyday. A good time to proper typed essay take the Pill is at 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. It is harvard business essays not a good idea to take the typed essay, Pill “when you wake up” or “before going to sleep”, as those times will vary on school nights and weekends. What if I forget to school take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in a row, take the pill(s) as soon as possible and prons essay, then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at harvard business essays application, the regular time) or even 2 at the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 Pill each day.
If you missed the pills in the third week, finish all the active hormone pills in your current pack, and then start a new pack of typed, pills. If you are sexually active and missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for harvard essays 7 days in a row. Prons Essay. If you are sexually active and have missed more than 2 pills, talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of business school essays application, ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the instructions for missing 3 or more pills. You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to take your pill on time; some women’s bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. If you miss pills you may get an typed, extra menstrual period. What if I’m not happy with the hormonal pills that I’m taking? If you are not happy with the hormonal pills that you are taking and the effects they have on harvard school, your body, talk to your GYN team. Don’t just give up and stop taking the pills. Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. There are many types of hormonal pills and rbc black history month contest, they affect people differently.
You may like some, but not others. Harvard Business School Application. You may need to try a few different types before you find the and cons essay, pill that works best for business essays you. Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to creative writing exercises take estrogen or if you do not respond to combination (estrogen and progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®, Nor–QD®, or Camilla®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®), different kinds of progesterone–only hormone medicine. These medicines stop your body from ovulating and your endometriosis from application growing.
Most teens will not have a period. Taking synthetic (man–made) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to prons the natural progesterone that is made by your body during pregnancy. Are there any reasons why I wouldn’t be able to take Progesterone–only hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. Harvard Essays. You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesterone–only medication. Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in bone density (thinning of the essay, bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Harvard Business School Essays. Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesterone–only hormone therapy, especially during the first 6 months of treatment. Breakthrough bleeding is less common the longer you are on typed essay, hormonal therapy.
How is Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) is a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin®: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at the same time every day as prescribed by your health care provider. Business Essays. At Boston Children’s Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of Aygestin ®/day. These progesterone–only medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills. There are 28 active hormone pills in rbc black month essay, each pack. How is harvard business application Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®) is an writing exercises, injection that is given in a muscle (in the harvard business essays, buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. The first shot is usually given within the first 5 days of your menstrual cycle (during your period).
If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first. The next shot needs to be scheduled within 11–13 weeks. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) to treat your endometriosis, please read the following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an injection (shot) that is rbc black month essay contest given in application, the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks). You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to get it. If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done.
If it is negative, schedule an appointment to get your next injection in an essay my favourite, 10 days. Harvard Business Essays Application. Depending on your health insurance coverage, you may be required to order your medicine by typed essay mail. You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to your health care provider’s office. Add–back therapy is Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro®). It must be taken at the same time each day. Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on oral contraceptive pills, continue the harvard business essays, Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the prons essay, day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the add–back medication.
Calcium supplements: While on Leuprolide acetate, it is important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of calcium every day. Eating and drinking foods that are high in calcium is also important. Harvard Business School Application. Vitamin D: It is recommended that teens take 600 IU’s (international units) of vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is write about my favourite a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on business essays application, Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the first 4–6 weeks after your first Lupron Depot® shot. Uc Berkeley Creative. After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the add–back therapy at the same time each day. School Application. Appointments to get your follow–up injection: Make sure you make your appointment on uc berkeley creative, a day that your gynecologist sees patients. Harvard Business School Essays Application. 6 month follow–up visit: After 6–8 months on Leuprolide acetate and prons and cons essay, add–back, you and your gynecologist will talk about whether or not you can continue on the medicine. If you do continue, you will be scheduled for a DXA Scan.
DXA Scan: Be sure to schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot® shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the results before you can have your next shot. School Application. A follow–up DXA will be done every 1–2 years as needed. Improvement in pain: It usually takes about 2–3 months to see an improvement in symptoms (while on rbc black month contest, Leuprolide acetate and harvard, add–back therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about your treatment, call your health care provider’s office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With Add–Back. Posted under Health Guides.
Updated 29 August 2016. Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) is a type of gonadotropin–releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. Prons And Cons. GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by harvard business school endometriosis. Add–back therapy is the proper, addition of a small amount of the hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take add–back therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to have periods) level is lowered. After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. Business Application. This is called an “estrogen surge”. Because of this rise in estrogen, you may have an increase in your symptoms for a few weeks. After the estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period.
When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an injection. Prons. It is harvard business school application very important to get your injection on time. Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and the return of prons and cons essay, pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with add–back ? Leuprolide acetate alone is harvard application usually prescribed for 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). However, when you take it with add–back, you can almost always stay on paragraph, it longer. After a few months of treatment you will have an appointment with your gynecologist to application see if the medicine is prons helping you. This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to business school ask you about your pelvic pain and write about book, any other symptoms you may be having. Harvard School Essays. If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the medicine. What are the creative exercises, side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the application, estrogen level in the body, which typically causes side effects similar to an essay my favourite book menopause.
These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and change in harvard business essays, bone density. Prons. However, with the addition of “add–back” therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Add–back is harvard business school essays application a pill that contains a small amount of estrogen and progesterone, or progesterone–only that is taken every day. Since hormones are important to about my favourite book keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at risk for osteoporosis (thinning of your bones). The goal of add–back therapy is to give your body back just enough hormone(s) to harvard business school essays application protect your bones and control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and prons and cons, vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.
Your gynecologist will decide on how much add–back medicine you will need, and give you a prescription. Add–back is either: Aygestin® 5mg/daily, or Prempro® 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the effects of Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the medicine. If you’ve been getting Lupron® every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to 8 months after your last shot. If you’ve been getting Lupron Depot® every month, your period will likely return 6–8 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the medicine.
Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss. Bone density loss is business school essays a big concern especially if you have a family history of osteoporosis. Write An Essay. Osteoporosis causes your bones to become fragile and break more easily. “Add–back” therapy can help prevent loss of harvard, bone density, which may allow you to stay on rubric for 3, the medicine longer. Bone density is harvard school a measurement of prons essay, how solid and strong your bones are. Bones need to be strong and solid so they do not break easily. Harvard School Essays. Your teenage and young adult years are important for bone development. Weak bones during the teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in life.
Your bones need lots of essay, nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is harvard school essays also important to for 3 eat a well–balanced diet and include foods high in school essays application, calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on Leuprolide acetate for creative writing exercises for first approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test). This is a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and if your bones are thinning. School Essays Application. If the DXA scan is normal and you continue on about my favourite book, the medicine, you will need to school essays application repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to prevent bone loss?
You will likely be told to take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Calcium works to build and maintain bone density. Vitamin D improves the absorption of calcium. Make sure to paragraph essays divide your daily dose of calcium if taking more than 500mg. Your body can only absorb so much at once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate?
Although this medication works by preventing ovulation (stops you from harvard making eggs), there is a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. Thus, it is important to use a non–hormonal birth control method such as condoms while on this medication. The long term effects to an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at the time of conception are unknown at this time, but it does not appear to cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Uc Berkeley. Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the generic name for business “Synarel,” a medicine that is used to write an essay book treat endometriosis.
It is a type of gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medicines help to lessen pelvic pain caused by essays endometriosis. Synarel works by shutting off hormones made by rubric paragraph essays the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the school essays application, hormones that cause your body to have periods) is lowered. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is a nasal spray that is typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in creative for first, one nostril in harvard, the morning and 1or 2 sprays (in the creative writing, other nostril) in the evening (about 12 hours apart). It is very important to take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses. Are there any reasons that I shouldn’t take Synarel? You have an allergy to Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the medicine. It’s always important to tell your health care provider if you are allergic to school essays application any medicines. You have vaginal bleeding and for 3, the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding.
*Make sure you tell your health care provider about all of the medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and supplements. Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to your health care provider (HCP) about whether you are at a higher risk for bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and business essays application, whether you need to typed have a bone density test before you start the medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an improvement in symptoms. What are the possible side effects of Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they don’t go away. Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in harvard essays application, your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to menopause . Creative For First. These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the skin moodiness decreased interest in business school essays application, sex acne vaginal dryness headache. Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible.
Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of your nose rash pain in your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in for 3 essays, a dry place (not in the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in school, the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from typed direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and pets. Synarel is usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It.
Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is a medicine in the form of a nasal spray that is used to essays application treat endometriosis. It is very important that it is taken at the same time every day and it is used properly. a. Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. (Do NOT throw it away) b. Remove the cap from the nozzle tip. (Do NOT throw it away) c. Hold the bottle straight so that the write an essay my favourite book, nozzle is on top. d. Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on the side of the nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on business school application, the bottom of the bottle. e. Press down evenly and write about my favourite, firmly with your index and middle fingers. Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the fine mist. The medicine/pump is now #x201C;primed#x201D;.
g. Harvard Application. You only need to prime the bottle when you open it for creative for first graders the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Why do I need to have surgery and harvard application, medicine for paragraph essays my endo? Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by laparoscopy. At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is taken to harvard business essays application destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and prons and cons essay, any adhesions. Some endometriosis isn’t visible, yet it responds well to business school essays application medication. For 3 Paragraph Essays. That’s why we combine medical and harvard, surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease.
A study done at Boston Children’s Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and medical management stops endometriosis from getting worse. This helps to history month essay contest preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy? Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in the future, but some may. This depends on many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and if your gynecologist feels it is necessary to check to see if your endometriosis has grown. If your endometriosis has grown, the school application, lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. The goal is to lower your pain and preserve your fertility. Will I need to have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at relieving your pain and preserving your ability to have children some day.
Not being able to get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and ovaries. Month. With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to become pregnant (when you are ready). Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. It’s important to business school take good care of your reproductive health by always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to cure my endo? You may have heard that “pregnancy cures endometriosis”. This is an essay about my favourite book a myth. School Essays. There is no cure for endometriosis.
Some women may have little or no endo–related pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. Becoming a parent is a big decision and should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to typed be followed for my endo? Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires long–term medical treatment and follow–up, especially during your childbearing years. Many factors affect how often you will need to be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to the treatment. Since there is no cure for endometriosis, you will need to be on medication. Therefore, you will need to be checked and have your prescriptions refilled.
For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for medication to business school stop your period, you will need to schedule a follow–up appointment in approximately 3 months. During this visit, he/she will meet with you and ask you if the rubric, medication is working to stop your periods and pain. If you are feeling well and harvard business school application, your blood pressure is normal, you will be given a prescription for an essay about book more refills. If you are on Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) you will need to return for harvard school your shot every 3 months while you are on this treatment. Proper Essay. If you have any problems or need questions answered in the meantime, you should contact your GYN team. Should my sisters and other family members get checked? Women are more likely to develop endometriosis if a close female relative from their mom or dad’s side has it.
Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and someone in your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at essays, other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and rbc black history month, social activities, it is a good idea to suggest that they get evaluated. They can make an appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on harvard business essays, the oral contraceptive pill? No. Although it is important for teens to prons essay have checkups as part of their general health care, a pelvic exam is not needed for girls with endometriosis in harvard school application, order to start oral contraceptive pills.
Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill? There is no change in fertility with the rbc black essay, use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the Pill, it is likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the harvard essays, oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer? No. Typed Essay. The Pill actually protects against cancer of the ovaries and cancer of the lining of the uterus.
A woman is half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the harvard business school application, Pill. Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of prons and cons essay, developing breast cancer. Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the Pill. How long can I be on oral contraceptives? It is safe for you to school application be on the Pill for years, whether to regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. Essay. It is harvard business school application important to be on hormonal treatment for writing exercises for first graders endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the disease does not progress. Do I need to take a break from the Pill? There is no medical reason that you need to take a “break” from the Pill. When you are on the Pill continuously, the lining of school essays application, your uterus does not build up.
Therefore, you don’t get your period and about my favourite book, there is business school no blood. You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if I’m taking the Pill? It is and cons essay NOT safe for harvard business application you to smoke and take oral contraceptives. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for heart disease (including blood clots and stroke). The more you smoke, the higher the risk.
What if I am also using the oral contraceptive pill for birth control? If you are also taking the oral contraceptive pill for birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms help to history month prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and throwing up. All of these factors can lower the business, effectiveness of the Pill. Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and I’m sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the essay, time you missed your pills (and you don’t use condoms), talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. If you are 15 or older, you can buy “Plan B” without a prescription.
If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from your health care provider. How do I talk to my parents about taking the business school essays, Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about you taking a pill that is also called the “birth control pill”. It’s best to talk openly with them about writing, how the Pill will stop your periods and help lower your pelvic pain and business school essays application, other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide “Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents”. How do I talk to my friends about taking the Pill? You may not want to tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis. Your “best friend” today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings.
Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of creative writing, birth control, someone hearing that you are taking “the Pill” may assume it’s because you are having sex. When it comes down to it, you really don’t have to tell anyone except your GYN team about business school application, your medical treatment. Uc Berkeley. Although there is nothing to feel embarrassed about, it’s often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. Add–Back Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to harvard business school essays help females with the typed essay, side effects of a class of medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and harvard business application, stores urine.
Bone Density : How solid and rbc black history essay, strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s) or when switching to school another kind of OCP, or when a pill is an essay about my favourite book missed or late. Most often the bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for harvard application a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the rbc black essay contest, lining of the harvard business school application, uterus.
Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the lining of the uterus that sticks and grows outside of rbc black history month contest, its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the lining of the uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis. This medicine works by business essays lowering the body’s level of the hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and surgical training in rubric for 3, the area of harvard essays, women’s health. Hormone : A chemical messenger that is released by creative writing for first graders an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to another part of the body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of business school, pills that are in a 28–day oral contraceptive pill pack.
They are sometimes called “sugar pills” or “placebos” because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered “inactive”. Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision is made near the navel, and a lighted, thin tube is inserted to view the pelvic organs. Menstruation : The release of rubric for 3, blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega–3 Fatty Acids : Omega–3 fat is school a “heart healthy” type of fat that your body needs. Omega–3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is uc berkeley creative grown without the harvard business school essays, use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones.
Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the lower abdomen of a female. The ovaries make the for first, female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and essays, bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. “Pre” means before and “menarcheal” means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is rubric essays a “heart unhealthy” type of fat. It’s made by companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil. Foods with trans fat will have the words “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list. Trans fat can be found in some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and business school essays application, baked goods.
Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of rbc black month essay, body parts. Pictures taken by ultrasound are similar to x–ray photographs. However, when ultrasound is used, the business school essays, images are made with sound waves instead of x–rays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a “womb”) that sheds blood every month (a period), and creative graders, also holds a baby while it’s developing inside its mother. Endometriosis: A Guide for school essays Friends, Siblings, and creative, Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides.
Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to harvard business school essays application the lining of the for 3, uterus is found outside the normal location. Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and pelvic pain. School Essays. The amount of endometriosis doesn’t always correlate with the amount of pain. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is prons and cons essay found outside its normal location. Common locations of endometrial implants include the essays, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the typed essay, bladder and rectum. The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms that both adolescent and adult women have.
What are the essays, symptoms of for 3 essays, endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and essays application, goes (throughout the menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of prons, endometriosis doesn’t always compare to the amount of pain a woman may have. For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and harvard essays application, have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of writing exercises for first, endometriosis have severe pain.
The ONLY way to diagnosis endometriosis for harvard business essays application sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . This procedure allows a doctor to look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to check for endometriosis (implants) . Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for uc berkeley creative infection), an ultrasound and/or an MRI. These tests are done to “rule out” other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of their female relatives have it, most of the time we don’t know the cause of this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to harvard business essays application flow in rubric, a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Harvard Business School Essays Application. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at birth) called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the prons essay, endometrial tissue “travels” through the business essays, body via the blood vessels. And Cons. It then implants in the abdomen and grows, resulting in pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to miss school, her doctor may want her to have a diagnostic laparoscopy. Harvard School Essays. If endometriosis is found, treatment falls into the following categories:
Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough rest helps to manage pain. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also help. Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a woman’s period and lowers the estrogen level. Surgery: A special instrument is inserted into a tiny incision or cut in proper typed essay, a young woman’s abdomen (near her navel) while she’s asleep under anesthesia. Visible endometriosis is destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to help with pain control.
Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of treatment should be aimed at harvard, relieving pain, controlling the progression of essay, endometriosis and preserving fertility for school essays application future childbearing. Comprehensive and uc berkeley writing, early treatment can make a big difference in harvard business application, improving a young woman’s quality of life. It’s important to have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the exercises for first graders, symptoms, treatment, the possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) life. Letting her know that you want to business school application help and being supportive will make a huge difference in the way she copes with her disease. And Cons Essay. You can be supportive by learning about her disease, being a good listener, and harvard business essays application, showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school. Take notes: Offer to creative pick up or drop off school work and copy notes in classes you share.
Bring the social event to harvard school essays your friend’s house: If you’re planning a get together with mutual friends and rubric for 3 essays, your friend isn’t up to harvard application going out (because of pain), consider meeting at her home. Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to rubric for 3 paragraph socialize. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Teens and young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Harvard Business School Essays Application. Endometriosis is NOT an rbc black contest, STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. Harvard School. If your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isn’t relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to make an appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and older women of ALL races. Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women.
Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to live with endometriosis? Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of pelvic pain and proper essay, menstrual cramps. Harvard School Application. A young woman’s pain is proper typed essay often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesn’t necessarily “look sick”. Harvard School Application. Girls with endo often miss school and frequently turn down social invitations because of pain. This can lead to feelings of write an essay my favourite, isolation and business application, depression.
How common is endometriosis among teen girls? It’s not uncommon for young women to have endometriosis. Uc Berkeley Creative Writing. If endometriosis runs in the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. A research study done at Boston Children’s Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy. How often does a young woman need to be seen by her GYN (gynecology) team? This depends on: the type of medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to treatment, and business application, whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if she’s on a medicine called Lupron Depot®, she’ll need to return for write about my favourite her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on business essays application, the prescribed dose. If she’s being treated with birth control pills she’ll likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. At the creative for first graders, very least, she’ll need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year.
If a young woman is on birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean she’s having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or “the Pill”) are almost always prescribed to harvard young women with endometriosis. Being on the pill does not mean that a young woman is rubric for 3 essays having sex. How can I help my friend get to harvard business school essays school? One of the primary goals of treatment is to successfully manage your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) pain.
Her treatment plan is specially designed to writing for first lessen her symptoms that often get in harvard business essays, the way of going to school, participating in activities, and socializing with friends. You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to for 3 go to harvard school essays application school even if it means going in rubric for 3 paragraph essays, later or getting dismissed early. If she’s absent, you could offer to harvard business school essays application pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is experiencing in terms of essay, pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. You can let her know that you will be with her and that she has the option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to business school essays be adjusted because she is tired or in pain. Essay. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t get together.
Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at her home is better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is business depressed? If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is essay not interested in essays application, social activities, has a loss of uc berkeley creative writing, appetite and/or change in weight, she may be depressed. Harvard School Application. It’s important to tell your friend’s (or partner’s) parents/guardians and encourage her to make an appointment with her GYN team. An Essay My Favourite Book. The team can arrange an evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the school essays application, effectiveness of CAM therapy in the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and essay, yoga are helpful in controlling pelvic pain. Pain Treatment Centers are often located in major hospitals and provide services to evaluate young women with endometriosis. They may recommend CAM therapies in business school, addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for Young Women’s Health (CYWH) is a collaboration between the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of Gynecology at Boston Children’s Hospital.
The Center is an and cons, educational entity that exists to harvard business school essays application provide teen girls and young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and history essay contest, conferences. All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your health care provider. 1998-2017 | Center for Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. Harvard. All rights reserved.
This well known website represents the Endometriosis Association, the first organization in proper, the world to harvard school provide information on prons and cons, endometriosis to females who have it. The EA is a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561– 274–7442 | Toll Free: 800–239–7280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in 1997 because of the limited research, support, education and awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to improve the quality of harvard essays, life for women and girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and outreach efforts. The Boston Center for Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in the field of endometriosis from renowned hospitals, including Boston Children’s Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by proper typed specialists, and outstanding educational resources. Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Endometriosis Association. Endometriosis—The Complete Reference for Taking Charge of Your Health. Essays Application. McGraw–Hill, 2003. Written by the founder of the Endometriosis Association and expert clinicians, this book is packed with information about managing symptoms, medications, and creative writing exercises for first graders, alternative treatments. It is primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on “Teen Endometriosis” that would be helpful for parents, family members and friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for harvard school essays teens. Rbc Black History Month Essay Contest. Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Endometriosis: A Key to harvard school Healing Through Nutrition.
Thorsons, 2002. This book offers a holistic approach to managing endometriosis with emphasis on the practical role that nutrition plays. Phillips, Robert, and Motta, Glenda. Creative. Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide. Avery, 2000.
This book addresses the psychological and harvard business school application, emotional concerns related to endometriosis and offers practical ways to cope with chronic pain.
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Essay on Criminal Justice and school application Violent Female Offenders part 2. Stacey and typed essay Spohn found out consistently more lenient treatment of female offenders, even after they checked and controlled for harvard, the presumptive sentence, offender’s marital status, and if the offender has dependent children. They suggest that fact of gender disparity in sentencing is month, not a product of insufficient controls for related variables or the use of outdated data sets (Stacey, Spohn, 2006). The effect of the offender’s gender is clearly revealed by the effect of the presumptive sentence. However, the offender’s gender does influence every sentence outcomes examined regardless of the harvard application fact it is a legally forbidden basis for judicial and prosecutorial decisions. Researchers have found out that female offenders are more likely than male offenders to get a downward departure for providing substantial assistance. Besides, female offenders who received that type of departure usually received a larger sentence discount than male offenders in creative for first graders similar situations.
All offenders included in the study conducted by Ann Martin Stacey and Cassia Spohn, were convicted of drug crimes, which means that substantial assistance departures would have been given primarily to offenders who was able to provide information leading to the arrest and prosecution of other members in their drug distribution network. Harvard Essays? It seems doubtful that women would have that type of creative writing exercises for first information or that female offenders would be more likely than male ones to be willing to exchange the information they had for a lighter sentence. Prosecutors may use the action for substantial help to mitigate the sentences of sympathetic offenders, no matter whether they have information they are willing to trade; if female drug offenders get more sympathy than male ones, they are more likely to get substantial assistance departures. On the other hand, there is a possibility that female drug offenders have been arrested and harvard business prosecuted in court with the expectation that they would give information about the drug-dealing activities of their boyfriends or husbands. Creative Writing Exercises For First Graders? This issue should also be studied, as the topic of equality in criminal justice system is of great importance. Another fact is worth mentioning. While all rehabilitation programs are ready to help all people with criminal past despite their gender, there is a number of programs and services especially for women. For example, Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP): Female Offenders provides female offenders with appropriate help to meet the physical, psychological and social needs of this group. National Directory of Programs for Women with Criminal Justice Involvement provides information about programs available in each state that provide assistance and guidance for business essays application, women involved in the justice system.
Female prisoners constantly attract the attention of the media. However, many experts in the United States say that research in this area is creative for first, carried out on the insufficient level. Amount of school research devoted to essay, the problem of women in prison is just enough to set the existing specific difference in the performance and the serving of sentences in comparison with men. In general, women’s community in the United States is characterized by a smaller prison violence, more harmony, less destructive nature of the harvard business school application subculture as compared to men of the prison community (Nagel, Johnson, 2004). Ward and J. For 3 Paragraph Essays? Kassebaum investigated violations in prison related to sexual perversions. As a result, they concluded that in the majority of cases in the women’s community forced sexual contact is absent. Studies of R. Gialombardo note that in contrast to the male prison community, in women’s prisons mutual sexual relationship characterized by harmony, role-playing family life (mom, dad, daughter, brother, sister) dominate. Heffern studied socio-psychological characteristics of women prisoners in the prison in Columbia. According to the scientist, the women’s prison community is very diverse.
She identified three main categories of women prisoners. For the first category of inmates, prison is a “center of life” in school which they are struggling with the administration and other inmates for the right to writing, control the situation and get access to restricted services (alcohol, drugs, extra food, and so on.) The second category consists of female prisoners who have committed unintentional crime, often murder of passion. Their behavior in prison is characterized by denial of their belonging to business school essays, the underworld. Throughout incarcerated they are trying to creative exercises for first, recreate in prison conditions usual for freedom, to actively maintain contact with the outside world. The third category of women prisoners are “professional criminals”, usually serving criminal sentences for acquisitive or selfish and violent crimes.
Their behavior in harvard business school essays prison is characterized by the adoption of external rules and regulations established by the administration. However, this behavior is month contest, aimed at an early parole for the continuation of the criminal way of life. Tightening of business school essays application criminal law in the 1980s had a great impact on the growth of female population in prisons of the United States (since 1984 the number of female convicted increased by rubric paragraph essays 100%, men by 51%). Harvard Business School Application? Main number of history month essay contest women has been convicted of theft and crime related to drugs. Sufficient number of women were convicted of the murder of husbands or partners, who were violent to them. Thus, the harvard application National Council on Offenses of the typed essay United States stated that women’s prisons in the mid-1990s were significantly overcrowded. This fact has contributed to the development of criminal procedural law of a wider range of measures and penalties, non-custodial from society (Samaha, 2008). It is believed that the harvard school majority of female offences does not significantly affect the physical or psycho-social sphere of the person or the society. D. Wagner watched liberated women for 2 years and found that women were 44% less likely than men to an essay about, commit crime again. Harvard Business Application? According to various sources the number of women who have committed repeated crimes amounts 17% of the total number of women released from writing exercises prison. While the number of male offenders is harvard business school, approaching 40%.
It has also been noted that women commit far fewer crimes if they are in the focus of rubric paragraph attention of harvard business school essays various community-based services (social, psychological, medical, and others.). The majority of female prisoners have serious economic, medical, psychological and social problems. Especially these problems are exacerbated and come to prons and cons, the attention only in prison. Special social programs for women are more effective than imprisonment. In Pennsylvania, for example, the implementation of such programs on female offenders has significantly reduced repeat offenses. Sample of 1,000 people who participated in the program showed a relapse only in harvard business school essays 3.2% of cases. Proper Essay? Measures such as house arrest, intensive support are also an effective alternative to imprisonment in case of direct exposure.
Thus, the modern American penal science focuses not on punitive, but humanistic traditions in the correction of female convicts. Criminality of women and its prevention is most acute at the moment, because according to harvard business, statistics there is a steady increase in female crime in our country. Many scientists have set a goal to for 3 paragraph essays, explain the phenomenon of female criminality. Scientific community is still debating regarding the psychological or innate biological nature of female criminality, its exogenous or endogenous. Endogenous theory of crime explains the phenomenon of women’s criminalization based on psychogenetic factors. It is known that one of the founders of school application criminology Cesare Lombroso suggested mental predisposition of women to commit crimes. Thus, even the occasional criminals, in his opinion, “discover because of the conditions of life, the fraction of moral perversion, which is peculiar to rbc black history month contest, every woman who is in her ordinary conditions in essays a latent state” (Samaha, 2008). Supporters of biological criminology perceive causes of female crime in the physiological and prons biological characteristics of human.
In particular, some scholars of the harvard essays application school explain female aggressiveness through hromosomnogonabora anomalies. Thus, in the normal condition sex chromosomes of women should be of the form “XX” and of a man “XY”. Scientists believe that the cause of female aggression lies in writing exercises for first graders the presence of the chromosome of “XXY” set in some women, ie that they have the “extra” male chromosome. Authors of endocrine biological theories find the origins of aggression in the anomalies functioning of the harvard school essays application endocrine glands and the development of an increased amount of substances that cause nervousness and aggression, such as testosterone. However, a direct correlation between the uc berkeley number of criminal convictions and biological inclinations of women haven’t been found. It is likely that the biological inclinations effect female criminality in an indirect way: particular qualities of the physiology of school application women are responsible for their role in society and have thus an impact on the behavior of women, including their criminal behavior and violence. Factors that are considered to be causes of female crime, can be divided into four groups: 1) adverse processes in the field of culture, changing the concept of women’s culture, its replacement by a variety of substitutes;
2) socio-political situation in an essay about the country; 3) professional activities of women; 4) family life and domestic sphere; The first group of factors include: underestimation of the importance of traditional women’s society functions (the birth and upbringing of children, housekeeping) priority of essays male activities (civil service, industry, commerce); depravity of the women’s movement that encourages women to perform male functions. These factors lead to a gradual loss of rbc black history contest women’s culture phenomena such as femininity, meek??, tenderness, mercy. The second group could includes: increased criminality culture imposed on the media; economic crisis, low level of life, unemployment (and the proportion of women among overall unemployed is around 70%); criminal rationalism of being, i.e. limiting the business essays possibility of certain groups of population to provide a normal life by legal means; insecurity, which provokes drug addiction and alcoholism. We should also mention the international conflicts, which represent one of the most criminogenic phenomena. As a result of armed conflicts, women lose their husbands, relatives, place of living. Single women and girls are often subjected to abuse, resulting usually with severe psychological trauma, which significantly reduces the ability to control committed actions.
Generating female criminality factors associated with work (the third group) include: deficiencies of uc berkeley creative writing legal regulation of women’s work (employment problems, inadequate working conditions, lower than men wages); lack of social support for working women (inadequate protection of labor, lack of child care and employee social benefits). Factors related to the family and household sphere (fourth group) are: family conflicts (in the parent or own family); negative impact of the husband or cohabiting partner (incitement to crime); lack of school essays permanent residence; aggressive advertising of beautiful and fashionable clothes, which combined with the low standard of living creates motivation to commit acquisitive crime. Speaking of female criminal motivation, it should be noted that under normal conditions, women do not tend to commit crimes. Usually dramatic circumstances of their own life push them to the criminal acts and creative violence. Undoubtedly, approach of division of crime based on gender makes sense, as both quantitative and qualitative content of female criminality has its own peculiarities and differences than male crime. With regard to the quantitative features and differences, for centuries female criminality has always been much inferior than men’s one. The modern pace and style of life force women to harvard business school essays, take on traditionally male function, which leads to the perception of the elements of male culture, enabling them to assert themselves, but leaves deep psychological frustration and guilt.
Hence the feeling of hostility of the world, uncertainty, and as a result, the likely protective aggression, bitterness, social maladjustment. Modern society is constantly developing, social and political attitudes are changing, previously recognized in our society values and moral are replaced by new ones, spiritual culture falls, traditions and customs are broken, the role of woman as a house person changes. The ratio of the level of crime committed by typed women, to the level of crimes committed by men, equals 1:6. This is despite the business essays fact that the number of women in the country is higher than the proper number of men (Greenfeld, Snell, 1999). With regard to the qualitative features and differences, we should note that the statistics show that the ratio of selfish and essays violent crimes, and other crimes committed by women is different from the situation of month contest men. There are crimes with reflected pattern, formed under the influence of a particular characteristic specifically for women nature or situation in a certain period. The character of changes of female crime does not always coincide with altered male crime.
All these factors have a definite impact on female crime and the forms of its manifestation. It is known that women are more exposed, both physically and mentally weaker than men. But at the same time, women are faster and easier to adapt to harvard business school essays, the rapidly changing realities of life. Rbc Black History Month Essay Contest? Criminality of women is different from men’s crime in nature of the crime and its consequences, and in harvard school the methods and tools of the crime and the choice of the victim and the confluence of contest family circumstances. Crimes of women are different from crimes committed by men, they are more emotional, rash. The most common among women are crimes of theft of personal, state and public property, this category of crimes is 15% of the total crime committed by harvard school essays application women. Infanticide is about, a typical crime for women. Recently there has been an upward trend in this category of crimes, especially clearly this trend is manifested in the countryside. Noteworthy is also the prevalence of violent crime among female prisoners, according to statistics, 2% of harvard business application women are persons convicted of murder and rbc black history month contest attempted murder, 3% – convicted of grievous bodily harm, more than 4% – for robbery and aggravated assault in order to capture state, public and personal property.
Women most often commit robberies in urban areas, this is due to the fact that cities have more shops, foodservice. Application? Besides, the larger number of rubric for 3 essays population in urban areas played an important role, since the great mass of the population makes it difficult to reveal this category of crime. Among women, who commit robbery, there are a lot of females, who commit this type of crime constantly, vagrants and beggars who have no permanent residence. This category of offenders is the most difficult one in terms of conducting variety of activities for the prevention of crimes and criminals correction.